Analysis of Regional Distribution Capacity and Priorities for Improving Beef Cattle Population in East Nusa Tenggara Province
Cattle farms resources in NTT are potential to be developed, but regency has not used it effectively. As a consequently, a huge disparity of beef cattle deployment between regencies occur. The objectives of the research were: a) to analyze the level of Capacity of Increasing Beef Cattle Population (CIBCP) in each regency, and b) to analyze the priorities of each regency for the development of beef cattle. Methods of the research used maximum potential of land resources (MPLR) and maximum potential of householder (MPNH) equation to analyze the effectiveness of CIBCP for regency. This analysis used to analyze the capacity and priorities. To formulate the beef cattle development policies, analysis of the ratio of the density of population and livestock are used. Conclusions: (a) NTT has a very large capacity to increase beef cattle to about 3.2 times that of the current population (based on land and labor resources), with the existing technology and management. Regency areas with large land resources and labor generally have a large CIBCP. On the other hand, regions with large land resources but small labor resource (or vice versa), have a small CIBCP (depending on the most limited resources), and (b) Scale of the priority regions are not only dominated by the largest number of cows. The number of households and the cultivated land has positive and powerful impacts (compared to pasture areas) to CIBCP effective.