STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA YANG BERDAYA SAING DAN BERKELANJUTAN PADA AGROINDUSTRI TEBU: TINJAUAN LITERATUR DAN AGENDA PENELITIAN MENDATANG

  • Mursiti Mursiti Kementerian Perindustrian, Jl. Widya Chandra VIII No. 34, Jakarta 12950, Indonesia
  • Illah Sailah Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
  • Marimin Marimin Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Romli Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
  • Alex Denni Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Jl. Medan Merdeka Selatan No. 13, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to analyze the sugarcane agroindustry situational, human resources, and
regulations to obtain new research on sugarcane agroindustry. The method carried out was by collecting 50
articles from 2002 - 2020 from indexed journals, theses, books. Articles were divided into three parts, namely
sugarcane agroindustry with 14 articles, human resources with 19 articles and 17 regulations. In the VUCA era,
we need skills, systems thinking skills, predictive abilities, and the ability to change quickly which is coupled with
the Covid-19 pandemic conditions that accelerate the need for digitalization in the VUCA era. The results of the
analysis show that the problem of lagging human resources in Eastern Indonesia is caused by a mismatch between
labour users' needs and the availability of skills. The non-oil and gas processing industry sector provide the largest
contribution to employment, one of which is the sugarcane industry. The sugarcane agroindustry problem was the
large gap between supply of 2.17 million tons and demand of 6.6 million tons of which the shortfall of 4.43 million
tons is met through imports of raw crystal sugar. The government's efforts to suppress imports by encouraging the
private sector to establish new sugar factories outside Java and the expansion of existing sugar factories are
accompanied by the preparation of human resources, so that a strategy for developing human resources that is
competitive and able to adapt to the environment is needed.
Keywords: eastern Indonesia, human resources, situational analysis, sugar cane agro-industry, strategy

Published
2021-11-09