Hasil Tebu Pertama dan Keprasan serta Efisiensi Penggunaan Hara N dan S akibat Substitusi Amonium Sulfat

  • , Nurhidayati Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Islam Malang Jl. MT. Haryono No. 193 Malang, Jawa Timur 65144, Indonesia
  • Abdul Basit Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Islam Malang Jl. MT. Haryono No. 193 Malang, Jawa Timur 65144, Indonesia
  • , Sunawan Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Islam Malang Jl. MT. Haryono No. 193 Malang, Jawa Timur 65144, Indonesia

Abstract

This study was aimed to describe the substitution of ammonium sulfate (AS) with the other fertilizers containing the
equal N and S to the cane and sugar yield and nutrient use efficiency of the plant and ratoon cane. A field experiment with a
randomized complete block design and three replications was conducted on the dry land in two consecutive cropping seasons
of 2010 to 2011. There were 10 treatments consisting of three treatments tested using the AS fertilizer, three treatments using
AS substitute in the form of urea + gypsum, three treatments using AS substitute in the form of urea + gypsum + biocompost
and a control treatment (without fertilizer). The results showed that for the plant cane, the highest cane yield was obtained
on the treatments using urea + gypsum, while the highest sugar content and yield on the treatment using urea + gypsum +
biocompost with 140 kg N ha-1+168 kg S ha-1 rates. The highest nutrient use efficiency was obtained on the treatment using urea + gypsum 100 kg N ha-1+120 kg S ha-1 rates. For the ratoon cane, the highest cane yield, sugar content and yield
were obtained in the treatment using urea + gypsum + biocompost. The highest nutrient use efficiency was obtained on
the treatment using urea + gypsum with 100 kg N ha-1+120 kg S ha-1 rates and urea + gypsum + biocompost with 140 kg N
ha-1+168 kg S ha-1 rates. The range of the average increase in the nutrient use efficiency of substitution fertilizer between
42-44% compared to the AS fertilizer. This results suggests AS fertilizer in sugarcane cultivation can be substituted with the
other fertilizers which have equal N and S content.
Keywords: AS fertilizer, AS substitution, cane and sugar yield, nutrient use efficiency
Published
2013-10-06
How to Cite
Nurhidayati, , Basit, A., & Sunawan, ,. (2013). Hasil Tebu Pertama dan Keprasan serta Efisiensi Penggunaan Hara N dan S akibat Substitusi Amonium Sulfat. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy), 41(1). https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v41i1.7077