Pengelompokan Genotipe Jarak Pagar Berdasarkan Ketahanannya terhadap Kekeringan pada Fase Pembibitan di Lahan Pasir Pantai

  • I Gusti Made Arya Parwata Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mataram, Jl. Madjapahit, Mataram 83125, Indonesia
  • Didik Indradewa Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosioyusticia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Prapto Yudono Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosioyusticia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Bambang Djadmo Kertonegoro Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosioyusticia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Extension of jatropha planting on coastal sandy soil is an effort to look for an alternatif area to other soil types, this experiment is one of a series experiment aiming to classify jatropha based on their drought resistance, and to determine watering interval causing drought stress. The experiment was arranged using Split Plot Design with watering interval (once in 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 day (s)) as main plot, and jatropha genotypes (IP-1A, IP-1M, IP-1P, IP-2A, IP-2M, IP-2P, Unggul Lokal (NTB), Gundul and Daun Kuning) as sub plot. The seeds of genotypes were planted in black polybag with coastal sandy soil media. The parameters observed were plant height, stem diameter, number of leaf, leaf width and plant dry weight, and the data collected were analyzed using Analysis of Variance, DMRT, Regrression and Cluster Analysis. The result showed that IP-1A, IP-2M, Gundul and IP-1M are the resistant genotypes, whereas Unggul Lokal, Daun Kuning, IP-2A and IP-2P are the susceptible genotypes. Once in one and three day (s) are optimum watering intervals, and once in nine days is a watering interval causing drought stress.

Keywords : jatropha, drought, watering, coastal sandy soil

How to Cite
Parwata, I. G. M. A., Indradewa, D., Yudono, P., & Kertonegoro, B. D. (1). Pengelompokan Genotipe Jarak Pagar Berdasarkan Ketahanannya terhadap Kekeringan pada Fase Pembibitan di Lahan Pasir Pantai. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy), 38(2). https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v38i2.1801