Partisipasi Petani dalam Pembangunan Pedesaan di Kabupaten Konawe
This study is proposed in answering to the question of “What types of partisipation do farmers give in developing Rurals Areas in Regency of Konawe”. This study was conducted in the rural areas of farmers who have joined in farmer groups, included outlying rural areas and swasembada rural areas in the Regency of Konawe. Technique of choosing samples was carried out by ”cluster purposive sampling”, i.e., firstly, population is grouped based on regions/rural areas, then 5 respondents are chosen purposively from every farmer (member of farmer group) who have been choosen from 10 rural areas. Finally, 50 samples of respondents are chosen (farmers who are members of farmer group). Data collection was undertaken by three methods, they are: (1) indepth observation, (2) indepth interview, and (3) focus group discussion (FGD). Questions on the implementation of rural area development in list of questionnaire forms are formulated into three stages of categories; they are full participation (PP) with score 3, partly/moderate participation (PS) with score 2, and less participation with score 1. The result shows that type of farmers participations mostly are categorized into partly/moderate participation, that is 72 percent, and the rest, respectively, are 10.66 percent for full participation and 17,34 percent for less participation. Types of participations in developing rural areas in Regency of Konawe were carried out through three models of participation approach, i.e., farmer participation in developing means and infrastructure of rural areas, participation in strengthening sosio-economical rural areas, and participation in improving output of rural area farming. In conclusion, opportunity, competence, and willingness of farmers to take part in developing rural areas are very low because of the barrier of social system from elite groups in rural areas, as well as it is mostly influenced by the dependence of government program realization, as well as social mobilization which is most familiar in rural communities. Therefore, farmers are given few opportunities actively and really in developing their rural areas.
Keywords: farmer participation, rural development, social and community prosperity
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