Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk <p style="text-align: justify;"><img src="/public/journals/48/journalThumbnail_id_ID.jpg" alt="##common.journalThumbnail.altText##" height="210" align="left">JURNAL TEKNOLOGI PERIKANAN DAN KELAUTAN&nbsp; diasuh oleh Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor dengan jadwal penerbitan 2 (dua) kali dalam satu tahun dengan tujuan menyebarluaskan informasi ilmiah tentang perkembangan teknologi perikanan dan kelautan,antara lain: teknologi perikanan tangkap, teknologi kelautan, inderaja kelautan, akustik dan instrumentasi, teknologi kapal perikanan, teknologi pengolahan hasil perikanan, teknologi budidaya perikanan dan bioteknologi kelautan. Naskah yang dimuat dalam jurnal ini terutama berasal dari penelitian maupun kajian konseptual yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa dan staf pengajar/akademisi dari berbagai universitas di Indonesia, para peneliti di berbagai bidang lembaga pemerintahan dan pemerhati permasalahan teknologi perikanan dan kelautan di Indonesia.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal ini diterbitkan atas kerjasama Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Institut Petanian Bogor dan Masyarakat Sains Kelautan dan Perikanan Indonesia (MSKPI)</p> <p>ISSN cetak : 2087-4871 ISSN elektronik : 2549-3841</p> Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan en-US Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan 2087-4871 POLA PERGERAKAN BLUE SWIMMING CRAB (Portunus pelagicus) TERHADAP CAHAYA https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/26351 <p>Lamp technology as a tool for fishing has long been used by Indonesian fishermen and grow not only for pelagic but also for demersal species such as crustaceans. Rajungan is one of the important crustaceans that have high economic value. Fishermen catch the crab using a trap or bottom gillnet. The two fishing devices are operated passively so that they need a tool to attract the crab. In this study tried to develop lamp technology as a lure of crabs. Responses are an important part of knowing crab behavior. The research was conducted in an experimental laboratory, where environmental conditions were controlled by researchers. The study aimed to analyze the patterns and response rates of crab to different light, including purple, blue, green, orange, red and white. A comparative descriptive analysis is used to determine the differences in patterns formed. The test results showed that the pattern of the crab against different light divided into directly and indirectly. Rajungan was approaching to light direclty for 0,072 m/s and indirectly for 0,036 m/s. The fastest crab rate in blue at 0.081 m/s dan the latest crabs arrive the red light at 0,026 m/s. The rate and pattern of the crab closer to white and blue light are shorter and has a short trajectory that can be suggested as a tool to used bottom gillnet, while the red and orange colors that have a slower rate of crab can be used as a trap.</p> Intan Roihatul jannah Hasly Wazir Mawardi Roza Yusfiandayani Copyright (c) 2019 Intan Roihatul jannah Hasly http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-12-19 2019-12-19 10 1 1 14 10.24319/jtpk.10.1-14 UJI COBA LAMPU CELUP LED PADA JARING INSANG SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN HASIL TANGKAPAN https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/26760 <p>Gillnets is a rectangular fishing gear. The main principle of the methods is blocking movement of the fish. The success of its operation depends on the fish presence in passing the net. The improvements of fishing technique on gillnets need to be done to increase the catch weight. The solution is to innovate the use of attractors in the form of lights to attract fish to come to the fishing gear, so that the passive gillnets do not just wait for the fish through it. The study used experimental fishing method with two units of gillnets simultaneously, which each units with lamp and the other without lamp. The objectives of the studies are to get information on the catch composition, to prove the use of a lamp on the gillnets will increase the catch weight and to determine the net position from the lamp that resulted the highest weight. The result showed that (1) the catch in gillnets with LED underwater lamps (JDL) consist of 10 types, or 2 types more than the gillnets without light emitting diode (LED) lamp (JTL). The eight catch composition consists of mackerel, spanish mackerel, barred queenfish, indian mackerel, great barracuda, moonfish, bigbelly pomfret, and giant trevally. The catch composition from JDL were the amberjack and the black pomfret; (2) The use of lamp on the gillnet proven to increase the catch with JDL total weight of fish was 189.765 g; (3) from position of the net shows that the highest weight was at the first position, such as net number 1, 6, 7, and 12 as much as 108.308 g.</p> Angga Hartono Gondo Puspito Wazir Mawardi Copyright (c) 2019 Angga Hartono http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-12-19 2019-12-19 10 1 15 26 10.24319/jtpk.10.15-26 STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS LAMUN DI PULAU WANCI, KABUPATEN WAKATOBI, SULAWESI TENGGARA https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/28116 <p>Seagrass is sea plant that is no less important to other coastal ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangroves in terms of physical, ecological, and economic. Indonesia has 12 species of seagrasses from 58 species of seagrasses in the world. Not all regions in Indonesia has the same species seagrasses due to differences in environmental conditions or anthropogenic pressures, a study of seagrass species diversity in Indonesian waters need to be done. This research was conducted to indentify seagrass community structure in intertidal area of Wanci waters, Wakatobi Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Stations of observation was located in seagrass bed area that divided in to four stations. Sampling methods was conducted refers to McKenzie <em>et al</em>. (2001) by using quadratic transect 50 cm x 50 cm. In each the quadratic transect, there was recorded of species, and total of the plant. The result of research showed that there were 7 species of segrasses found in Wanci island waters namely <em>Halophila ovalis</em>, <em>Halodule uninervis</em>, <em>Cymodocea rotundata</em>, <em>Thalassia hemprichii</em>, <em>Enhalus acroides</em>, <em>Thalasodendron</em>, and <em>Syringodium isoetifolium</em>. The highest density of seagrass species was dominated by <em>Thalassia hemprichii</em>, <em>Halodule uninervis</em>, and <em>Cymodocea rotundata</em>. The overall distribution pattern of seagrass species were cluster. There is correlation between environmental parameters and seagrass density. Sand substrate has a high positive correlation to the density of seagrass whereas clay substrate, current velocity, salinity, and temperature had a negative correlation (low to high) to the density of seagrass in Wanci Island waters.</p> Nur Ikhsan Neviaty Putri Zamani Dedi Soedharma Copyright (c) 2019 Nur Ikhsan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-12-19 2019-12-19 10 1 27 38 10.24319/jtpk.10.27-38 EVALUASI STANDAR KOMPETENSI KERJA NASIONAL INDONESIA (SKKNI) SUB GOLONGAN PENANGKAPAN IKAN DI LAUT https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/26797 <p>Competency standard for capture fisheries was esablished in 2013, this standard is supposed to be used as a reference in developing training program and competency assessment. After more than 5 year implementation, it was revealed that the application of the standard had some shortages. These are issue on its relevance to the actual working condition and some needed competencies were not accommodated in the standard (Nurani <em>et al</em>. 2017). To solve this problem, review should be carried out to the process of development and establishment of the standar. Research wascarried out in May-July 2018 with literature review, interviews, both qualitative and quantitative analysis in general. The results show the development and formation process of the standard was performed in accordance with the existing rules. Some issues identified from this process included: (1) acceptability and conformity to the actual working condition, (2) measurability and clarity of the texts, (3) the absence of master plan of competency standard development. (4) engagement of practicioners in standard development team, and (5) certification licences for all member of verification team. There are two priority actions needed to improve the quality of SKKNI development and forming process in the next, i.e. development of RIP SKKNI and increase engagement of practicioners in the process of standard development.</p> Fahmi Shidiq Tri Wiji Nurani Roza Yusfiandayani Copyright (c) 2019 Fahmi Shidiq http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-12-26 2019-12-26 10 1 39 48 10.24319/jtpk.10.39-48 EKSTRAKSI KITOSAN DARI CANGKANG RAJUNGAN PADA LAMA DAN PENGULANGAN PERENDAMAN YANG BERBEDA https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/27817 <p>Research on making chitosan from small crab shells has been done by several researchers before. This study aims to determine the time priority and repetition of immersion in NaOH solution to increase the value of the degree of deacetylation of chitosan. Previously, chitin extracted from crab shells through two cups, namely deproteination and demineralization. The process of deacetylation of chitin was done by varying the immersion time in the NaOH solution (2, 3, and 4) hours also repeated soaking 3, 4, and 5 times. The deacetylation process used 50% (w/v) NaOH solution involving chitin against 1:20 (w/v) NaOH solution at 120°C. The chitosan obtained was analyzed a functional group using FTIR and analyzed the degree of deacetylation (DD) using the titration method. Chitin obtained as much as 12,4% from small crab shell flour. The greatest (best) deacetylation degree of chitosan was obtained during the 4 hours deacetylation process and the number of deacetylation repetitions 5 times with DD of 44,26% and the yield of chitosan 83%. The length of soaking time in NaOH solution was the most determining factor for the value of the deacetylation degree of chitosan produced.</p> Djaenudin Djaenudin Emil Budianto Endang Saepudin Muhamad Nasir Copyright (c) 2019 Djaenudin http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 10 1 49 59 10.24319/jtpk.10.49-59 TINGKAT KONTAMINASI MIKROBA PADA BEBERAPA UNIT PENGOLAHAN IKAN ASAP PINEKUHE DI KABUPATEN SANGIHE https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/26537 <p>One of the products processed by smoked fisheries owned by fishermen regency of Sangihe Island is <em>Pinekuhe</em>. This research aims to determine the level of microbial contamination in the smoked fish <em>Pinekuhe</em> processed fishermen regency of Sangihe Islands. Sampling was taken randomly in some of the fish processing units of <em>Pinekuhe</em> smoke. Observation of the deterioration of the quality of fish products <em>Pinekuhe</em>, observed through the test of Total Plate Count (TPC), total mould, and total of <em>Staphylococcus sp</em>. The results showed that the TPC value of all processors meets SNI standards. TPC value of A, B, C, and D processors, respectively, 1,3 x 10<sup>4</sup> CFU/G, 2,6 x 10<sup>4</sup> CFU/G, 6,9 x 10<sup>4</sup>, and 1,2 x 10<sup>4</sup> CFU/g. The total observation of <em>Staphylococcus sp</em>. on processor A and processor B generates a value of 0, while processor C has a total value of 1.1 x 10<sup>2</sup> TVC/G and processor D has a total value of <em>Staphylococcus sp</em>. 1,2 x 10<sup>2</sup> TVC/g. The total number of bacteria, the total amount of mould, and the total number of <em>Staphylococcus sp</em>. Still qualify SNI, except <em>Staphylococcus sp</em>. on processor C and processor D exceeds the amount required by the Indonesian National Standard on the limits of contamination microbes in smoked fish.</p> Ely John Karimela Jeffri A Mandeno Copyright (c) 2019 Ely John Karimela http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-01-13 2020-01-13 10 1 61 68 10.24319/jtpk.10.61-68 PROYEKSI PRODUKSI IKAN HASIL TANGKAPAN DI PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SAMUDERA KUTARAJA PROVINSI ACEH https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/27971 <p>PPS Kutaraja is a very strategic port and is being developed by the Government of Aceh to become the economic center of fisheries. This study aims to analyze the production of captured in PPS Kutaraja and project the production of captured fish for the year (2020-2024). The research was conducted in June-July 2019. The method used was a case study with forecast analysis using a simple linear ranking model and calculating the value of determination and SEE. Based on the analysis, it is known that the development of IHT production in 2012-2018 has increased every year with an average of 17%. Forecasting results for 2020 reached 92.637,85 ton, in 2021 reached 159.162,54 ton, in 2022 it reached 260.598,23, in 2023 it reached 268.820,21 ton, and in 2024 reached 272.978,67 ton. The conclusion is the forecasting of production results has increased very dramatically in the next 5 years.</p> Kurnia Kurnia Mustaruddin Mustaruddin Ernani Lubis Copyright (c) 2019 Kurnia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-01-13 2020-01-13 10 1 69 77 10.24319/jtpk.10.69-77 EFEKTIVITAS MODIFIKASI BUBU DASAR KONSTRUKSI ATRAKTOR TERHADAP HASIL TANGKAPAN IKAN DI PERAIRAN PULAU LEMUKUTAN https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/24992 <p>Trap have different construction to catch the fishes. The purpose of this study is to obtain the basic trap construction model method, analyze the effectiveness of basic construction modifications and financial analysis. The acquisition of catch composition shows that red snapper (<em>Lutjanus alfifrotouris</em>) gets the largest proportion in unit weight (kg) at a depth of 10 m for modification of basic trap attractors construction beam model of 27,49% and construction does not use attractors at 16,45% and at the depth of 14 m for modification of the base trap attractor construction beam model is 27,40% and the construction does not use attractors at 24,97%, while the largest proportion in units of number (<em>tail</em>) at a depth of 10 m yellow tail fish (<em>Caesio erythrogaster</em>) is 37,89% while construction beam models do not use attractors at 22,80% and at 14 m depth the largest proportion obtained in units of number (<em>tail</em>) is found in yellow tail fish (<em>Caesio erythrogaster</em>) for modification of the base trap attractor construction beam model of 25,64% while the construction does not use contractor at 19,94%. The diversity index value (H') of Lemukutan Island waters region is 3,9 while the comparative analysis of fish production (<em>one-way anova</em>) shows that the treatment of the two fishing gear construction models did not significantly affect the production of fish caught at a depth of 10 m and 14 m. The results of the R/C ratio showed that the modified fishing gear of the attractor construction beam model obtained an R/C = 1,435 and the construction did not use the attractor R/C value = 1,031, thus the two basic construction models were economically feasible to develop as a business arrest in Lemukutan Island waters.</p> Ho Putra Setiawan Sadri Sadri Agus Setiawan Slamet Tarno Copyright (c) 2019 Ho Putra Setiawan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-01-21 2020-01-21 10 1 79 91 10.24319/jtpk.10.79-91 ANALISIS KEPADATAN MAKROZOOBENTOS PADA FASE BULAN BERBEDA DI LAMUN, PULAU PANGGANG, KEPULAUAN SERIBU JAKARTA https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/28393 <p>Seagrass ecosystems are inhabited by many species of benthic invertebrates, demersal and pelagic organisms that reside or stay temporarily in seagrass ecosystems. This research aimed to analyze the density of the macrozoobenthos in two different moon phases and to seek the contribution of each macrozoobenthic species in each research stations at seagrass beds. Sampling of the macrozonthic organisms was taken in three research stations of Panggang Island (west, east, and south) by using a 1 x 1 m of quadratic transect and a sediment corer with 10 cm in diameter. The data analysis statistically analysis data was carried out by finding out the similarity percentage of the species contribution using SIMPER test. Results of this research indicate that the discovered macrozoobenthos for two phases of moon are varied in each station. The total found macrozoobenthos during two moon phases are 28 and 11 species in the west station, 24 and 20 species in the east station, and 18 and 24 species in the south station, respectively. In the three stations, the two highest and the lowest species density of macrozoobenthos during the two moon phases namely are <em>Cerithium salebrosum </em>(283 ind/m<sup>2</sup>) and <em>Cerithium punctatum </em>(169 ind/m<sup>2</sup>); and <em>Geotrochus multicarinatum </em>(7 ind/m<sup>2</sup>). Moreover, the most contributor species of macrozobenthos in the seagrass habitat of the entire stations is <em>Cerithium salebrosum</em>.</p> Iswandi Wahab Hawis Madduppa Mujizat Kawaroe Nurafni Nurafni Copyright (c) 2019 Iswandi Wahab http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 10 1 93 107 10.24319/jtpk.10.93-107 ANALISIS FISHING ACTIVITY KAPAL TUNA LONGLINE MENGGUNAKAN VESSEL MONITORING SYSTEM YANG BERBASIS DI BENOA BALI https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtpk/article/view/28708 <p>Tuna fisheries based on Benoa fishing port has undergone major changes since 1993 when yellowfin tuna dominated the catch, followed by big eye tuna and other types of tuna. Fishing vessels to catch tuna in Benoa, Bali, are dominated by tuna longline, purse seine, and troll line vessels. Vessels that are up to 30 GT (&gt;30 GT) must install the Vessels Monitoring System (VMS) to surveillance the fishing vessels that are operating following by the regulations. VMS data provide lot of data from vessel movment, but the problem is not used optimally and the analysis of data VMS still in development, therefore this research aims to identify the utilization VMS data for survilliance dan management of tuna longline based at Benoa. The method used was descriptive analysis using a spatial data management application. The results showed that VMS data can be used to know fishing activity such as vessel position, vessel velocity, and vessel movement. Fishing activity with VMS data can indentfy infraction did by tuna longline vessel that indicated transshipment activity, infraction of fishing area, and can used to validate data between logbook data and VMS data when the vessel landed a fish catch at port. Cross matching data between VMS and logbook data show that data suitability from 2016-2018 increase in 2016 suitability data get 53%, then 2017 get 94%, and 2018 get 98%.</p> Muhammad Irsyad Tawaqal Roza Yusfiandayani Mohammad Imron Copyright (c) 2019 Muhammad Irsyad Tawaqal http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2020-02-03 2020-02-03 10 1 109 119 10.24319/jtpk.10.109-119