PENGHAMBAT α AMILASE: JENIS, SUMBER, DAN POTENSI PEMANFAATANNYA
[α Amylase Inhibitors: Types, Sources, and Their Potential Utilization for Health Purposes]
Laboratoria Pengembangan Teknologi Industri Agro-Biomedika (LAPTIAB), Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, Kawasan Pusat Teknologi dan Ilmu Pengetahuan (PUSPIPTEK) gedung no 610, Serpong, Tangerang 15310
Diterima 09 Desember 2009 / Disetujui 19 Desember 2011
Alpha amylase inhibitors affect carbohydrate metabolism in digestive system. The inhibitors induce carbohydrate tolerance, fullness and prolonging gastric emptying that might be used to aid in diabetic and obesity treatment. There are two types of α- amylase inhibitors, proteinaceous and non-proteinaceous ones. Proteinaceous inhibitor is classified into seven classes including legumes, lectin, knottin, cereal, Kunitz, g-thionin and thaumatin types. Plant proteinaceous inhibitors are present in cereals and legumes. Some non-proteinaceous inhibitors include flavonid, polyphenols, organic acid that might be produced by microbes or extracted from plants such as acarbose, saponin dan cardiac glycoside, gallic acid, proto-catechuic acid, caffeic acid, ellagic acid, ferulic acid, quercetin hibiscus acid and α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrin.
Key words: inhibitor amylase, anti obesity, diabetes