Impact of Pesticide Residues on the Diversity of Soil Fungi on Vegetable Land

Dampak Residu Pestisida Terhadap Keanekaragaman Jamur Tanah Pada Lahan Sayuran

  • Martha Maria Magdalena Benu
  • Anthonius S. J. Adutae
  • Lince Mukkun
Keywords: Residues, Pesticides, Soil Fungi, Population density, Diversity, Frequency of attendance

Abstract

Pesticides hurt living organisms. Pesticides harm soil organisms because they contain dangerous toxic compounds. The use of pesticides by Noelbaki village farmers in vegetable cultivation is intensive, with a frequency of spraying 2-3 times a week with a continuous planting period to harm the soil environment. This study aimed to determine the content of pesticide residues and the diversity of soil biota communities in vegetable fields that are applied by pesticides and without pesticides. The research method used was a survey method. Soil sampling diagonally. Non-composite soil samples were taken for soil microbial observations, while composites for soil physical and chemical properties were analyzed. The variables observed were the content of pesticide residues, population density, diversity, and frequency fungi and the soil's physical-chemical properties in the Vertisol and Inceptisol vegetable fields, which were applied by and without pesticides. Analysis of pesticide residues was carried out by the GC / MS method. Microbial count calculations were carried out by the Plate Counting Agar (PCA) method, and microbial identification was carried out by microscopic and macroscopic observations. Pesticide residues with active ingredients Lamda-cyhalothrin in Vertisol soil samples that given pesticides were 0.060 ppm, and in Inceptisol soil samples with Dimetoat active ingredients   0.042 ppm. The density of soil mushroom population was higher in vegetable fields without the application of pesticides as much as 71.6 CFU g-1, the value of soil mushroom diversity index was higher in pesticide application vegetable fields 1.609, the frequency of presence of the fungus species Penicillium constant 100% and Mucor 90%.

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Published
2020-10-01
How to Cite
Benu, M. M. M., Adutae, A. S. J., & Mukkun, L. (2020). Impact of Pesticide Residues on the Diversity of Soil Fungi on Vegetable Land: Dampak Residu Pestisida Terhadap Keanekaragaman Jamur Tanah Pada Lahan Sayuran. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah Dan Lingkungan, 22(2). Retrieved from https://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtanah/article/view/31992