Food habit of horseshoe crabs, Tachypleus gigas (Müller 1785) and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda (Latreille 1802) in Balikpapan coastal waters, East Kalimantan

  • Rani Nuraisah Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perairan, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Naila K Aini Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perairan, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Ali Mashar Departemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Zairion Zairion Departemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Yuni P Hastuti Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
  • Peter Funch Departemen Biologi – Genetik, Ekologi dan Evolusi, Universitas Aarhus, Denmark
  • Yusli Wardiatno Institut Pertanian Bogor

Abstract

Horseshoe crabs are living fossils found in Indonesia. This study examined the food habit of horseshoe crabs (Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda and Tachypleus gigas)  collected from Balikpapan coastal waters, East Kalimantan. Horseshoe crabs were captured using gill nets and picked by hand along the Balikpapan coast. The width of the prosoma and the body weight of each individual were measured, and the gut contents were analysed to determine the preponderance index, food niche breadth, and niche overlap. Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda prosoma widths ranged from 4.1 to 15.4 cm and those of Tachypleus gigas ranged from 2.8 to 24 cm. Eight food items were found in the gut of the horseshoe crabs, namely: bivalves, gastropods, scaphopoda, polychaetes, echinoderms, crustaceans, leaf litter and others. Based on the preponderance index, gastropods were the main food item of the two horseshoe crab species. In accordance to the food composition the horseshoe crabs inhabiting Balikpapan coastal waters are categorized as benthivores.

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Published
2020-05-14
How to Cite
Nuraisah, R., Aini, N. K., Mashar, A., Zairion, Z., Hastuti, Y. P., Funch, P. and Wardiatno, Y. (2020) “Food habit of horseshoe crabs, Tachypleus gigas (Müller 1785) and Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda (Latreille 1802) in Balikpapan coastal waters, East Kalimantan”, Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 10(2), pp. 153-162. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.2.153-162.

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