Kajian Risiko Penangulangan Tumpahan Minyak: Studi Kasus di Laut Jawa Bagian Barat
AbstractRisk of oil spill occured from oil exploration and production in marine should be effectively managed. This research is aim to obtain formula of oil spill risk analysis, risk mapping of oil spill in coastal area, and evaluated risk category in regard to be effectively risk management. The study area cover three coastal regions in western Java sea such as Kepulauan Seribu, Northern Java ( Banten, to Karawang coastline) and Eastern Lampung. Oil spill spreading modelling using Mike Zero from three spill sources (Cinta, Krisna and Widuri) resulted potentially impacted coastal by oil spill in certain - 8 months - period (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, and September). Study resulted the ALARP (As Low As Reasonable Practicable) matrix and risk category consist of high, moderate, low and very low category which have range value more than 9.47, 9.46 – 4.23,4.22 – 3.75, less than 3.74, respectively. Mostly, 77% of the impacted coastal ecosystem and resource have moderate to high risk. Distribution of risks dominantly occurred in west moonson rather than east moonson. The matrix of division priority of oil spill mitigation based on cumulative risk exposure have high priority during west moonson occured in division 6, 7, 13 and 15 which were impacted to ecosystem of shoreline, mangrove, coral reef, capture fishery, tourism, and sea port area. Meanwhile, during the east moonson, division 2 and 4 have priority to impacted to shoreline, mangrove ecosystem, marine culture, capture fishery and also tourism
[CNOOC] China National Offshore Company. 2006. Procedure for Preparation and Operation of Risk Control Measures and Safe Systems of Work. HSEGP-010-2001. Revision 3. Jakarta Indonesia.
[CNOOC] China National Offshore Company. 2015. Indeks Kepekaan Lingkungan. Kawasan Pesisir Lampung Bagian Timur, Pesisir Utara Jawa Bagian Barat, dan Kepulauan Seribu.
[DNV] Det Norske Veritas. 2011. Final Report Assessment of the Risk of Pollution from Marine Oil Spills in Australian Ports and Waters. Report No PP002916. London. United Kingdom.
[IPIECA] International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association. 2000. A Guide To Contingency Planning For Oil Spill On Water. Edisi kedua. Volume 2. London. United Kingdom.
[ISO] International Organization for Standarization 31000. 2008. Risk Management. Geneva
[Maxus SES] Maxus Southeast Sumatera. 1994. Environmental Study on Sensitivity and Characteristic of Crude Oils Laboratory Studies (ESACOC). Jakarta.
Liu X, Meng R, Xing Q, Lou M, Chao H, dan Bing L. 2014. Assessing oil spill risk in the Chinese Bohai Sea: A case study for both ship and platform related oil spills. Ocean and Coastal Management. 108: 140-146.
Nissen-Lie TR, Brude OW, Aspholm OO, Taylor PM, dan Davidson D. 2014. Developing a Guideline for Oil Spill Risk Assessment and Response Planning for Offshore Instalations. International Oil Spill Conference.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).