PENTINGNYA KEBIJAKAN PEMANENAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN POPULASI SATWA LIAR DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI
AbstractIndonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang memiliki kekayaan jenis satwa liar tertinggi di dunia. Namun demikian, hingga saat ini pemanfaatan satwa liar di Indonesia, khususnya di kawasan konservasi masih belum optimal. Banyak yang beranggapan bahwa pemanfaatan satwa liar di kawasan konservasi harus dilarang karena akan mengganggu keseimbangan lingkungan. Anggapan ini tidak sepenuhnya benar karena pemanenan yang dilakukan pada saat ukuran populasi satwa mencapai daya dukung habitatnya, justru akan menjadikan individu-individu satwa memiliki bobot dan kesehatan yang lebih baik bila dibandingkan bilamana tidak dilakukan pemanenan. Pemanenan dianggap sebagai hama atau pengganggu bagi masyarakat sekitarnya. Upaya pemanenan ini ditujukan untuk menyeimbangkan ukuran populasi pada konteks rantai makanan ekosistem alaminya.
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