FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KINERJA USAHA WANITA WIRAUSAHA PADA INDUSTRI MAKANAN RINGAN DI PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT

Main Article Content

Amri Syahardi
Lukman Mohammad Baga
Ratna Winandi

Abstract

Women entrepreneurs as the family support unit that plays a role in increasing the family income, has a performance which is still low compared to male entrepreneurs. The purpose of this study was to analyze (1) the profile of women entrepreneurs and snack food industry; (2) the influence of personal characteristics, internal and external business environment, as well as entrepreneurial behavior to business performance of women entrepreneurs. This study used survey method that conducted  in Limapuluh Kota Regency and Payakumbuh City. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used for descriptive and quantitative analysis. The respondents used were 105 women entrepreneurs. The results showed that: (1) women entrepreneurs engaged in the snack food industry in West Sumatera in general are in the productive age above 40 years, the business managed by women entrepreneurs in general is still relatively small business with income average of Rp1.687.000 per week; (2) the personal characteristics, internal environment of business, external environment of business, and the entrepreneurial behaviour has positive and significant influence to business performance. The most dominant personal characteristics which influence the business performance were education and family background, the most dominant  internal environment which influence business performance was financial aspect, the most dominant external environment which influence business performance was marketing and the most dominant entrepreneurial behavior influences the business performance was innovation. Women entrepreneurs were encouraged to improve human resources and risk taking by borrowing capital to develop the business. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Syahardi, A., Baga, L. M., & Winandi, R. (2017). FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KINERJA USAHA WANITA WIRAUSAHA PADA INDUSTRI MAKANAN RINGAN DI PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT. Forum Agribisnis : Agribusiness Forum, 7(2), 161-172. https://doi.org/10.29244/fagb.7.2.161-172
Section
Articles

References

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2014a. Keadaan Angkatan Kerja Indonesia 2013. Jakarta.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2014b. Profil Industri Kecil dan Menengah 2013. Jakarta.

Babalola, Sunday S. 2009. Women Entrepreneurial Innovative Behaviour: The Role of Psychological Capital. International Journal of Business and Management. 4(11): 184-192.

Casson, Mark, Bernard Yeung, Anuradha Basu, Nigel Wadeson. 2008. The Oxford Handbook of Entrepreneurship. Oxford University Press Inc. New York.

Davidson, Marilyn J, Ronald J Burke. 2004. Women in Management Worlwide, Facts, Figures, and Analysis an Overview. Ashgate Publishing. Aldershot.

Dewi, Sensi T. 2006. Analisis Pengaruh Orientasi dan Inovasi Produksi terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing untuk Meningktakan Kinerja Pemasaran. [Tesis]. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Gefen, David, Detmar W Straub, Marie-Claude Boudreau. 2000. Structural Equation Modeling and Regression: Guidelines for Research Practice. Journal of Communications of the Association for Information Systems. 7(7): 1-78.

Latan, Hengky. 2013. Structural Equation Modeling. Alfabeta. Bandung.

MacCallum, Robert C, James T Austin. 2000. Application of Structural Equation Modeling in Psyichological Research. Annual Review Psychology. 51: 201-226.

McCormick, Peter A. 1997. Orienting attention without awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 23 (1): 168–180.

Munizu, Musran. 2010. Pengaruh Faktor-faktor Eksternal dan Internal terhadap Kinerja Usaha Mikro dan Kecil (UMK) di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan. 12(1): 33-41.

Mugniesyah, Siti S. 1986. Kepemimpinan Wanita dalam Pembangunan Desa (Studi Kasus: di Dua Desa di Kecamatan Purwa Kabupaten Sukabumi. Jawa Barat). [Tesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Muller, Claudia. 2006. Factors Affecting Women Entrepreneurs in Establishing and Expanding their Business in NAD Province. ILO Publication. Jakarta.

Puspitasari. 2013. Pengaruh Perilaku Kewirausahaan Petani Anggrek terhadap Kinerja Usaha: Kasus di Kecamatan Serpong Kota Tangerang Selatan. [Tesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Singh, Surendra P, Ruthie G Reynolds, Safdar Muhammad. 2001. A Gender–based Performance analysis of Micro and Small Enterprises in Java-Indonesia. Journal of Small Business Management. 39(2): 174-182.

Sumantri, Bayu. 2013. Faktor-faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kinerja Usaha Wirausaha Wanita: Suatu Studi pada Industri Pangan Rumahan di Bogor. Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi. 12(3): 252-277.

Tambunan, Tulus. 2006. Entrepreneurship Development: SMES in Indonesia. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship. 12(1): 95–118.

Thaher, Asri. 2006. Sistem Pewarisan Kekerabatan Matrilineal dan Perkembangannya di Kecamatan Banuhampu Pemerintah Kabupaten Agam Provinsi Sumatera Barat. [Tesis]. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Wijanto Setyo H. 2008. Structural Equation Modeling dengan LISREL 8.8. Graha Ilmu. Yogyakarta.

Wirasasmita, Yuyun. 2011. Ekonomika Kewirausahaan. Buletin Manajemen Kewirausahaan Edisi Maret 2011. Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Padjajaran. Bandung.

Most read articles by the same author(s)