JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Pertumbuhan dan Mortalitas Ikan Endemik Opudi (Telmatherina prognatha Kottelat, 1991) di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan

  • Andi Chadijah Program Studi Budidaya Perairan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Jl. Sultan Alauddin No.259, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90221
  • Sulistiono Sulistiono Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

Abstract

Lake Matano is an ancient lake that has a high endemicity. Opudi fish (Telmatherina prognatha) is an endemic fish that is vulnerable to extinction and needs to be preserved. The threat of invasive species and habitat degradation can cause a decrease in opudi fish populations. This study aimed to examine the growth parameters associated with growth coefficients and mortality in Lake Matano so that population can be sustainable. The study was conducted at Lake Matano from March 2018 to February 2019. Samples of fish were caught using a net bag measuring 30 m long, 2 m wide with a mesh size of 0.5 inches. Analysis of fish growth was based on total length-frequency data. These data were analyzed using the FISAT II software. The sizes of male and female opudi fish obtained ranged from 30-70 mm. Growth patterns of von Bertalanffy butina in male fish are male Lt = 76.50 [1-e-0.46 (t + 0.47)] and female fish Lt = 74.05 [1-e-0.51 (t + 0.52)]. The total mortality value of male fish was higher (Z = 1.65) compared to female fish (Z = 1.50), the natural mortality value of male opudi fish was lower (M = 0.84) compared to that of female fish (M = 0.91).

 

Keywords: endemic fish, growth, mortality, Telmatherina prognatha

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BMKG]. Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika. 2019. https://www.bmkg.go.id/cuaca/ prakiraan-cuaca.bmkg?Kota=Malili&AreaID= 501496&Prov=28.

Chadijah A, Sulistiono, Haryani GS, Affandi R, Mashar A. 2019. Distribusi ukuran, pola pertumbuhan, dan faktor kondisi ikan endemic opudi (Telmatherina prognatha) di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 24(4): 295–303. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.24.4.295

Djumanto, Devi MIP, Yusuf IF, Setyobudi E. 2014. Kajian dinamika populasi ikan kepek, Mystacoleucus obtusirostris (Valenciennes, in Curvier & Valenciennes 1982) di Sungai Opak Yogyakarta. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 14(2): 145–156.

Hadiaty RK, Wirjoatmodjo S. 2002. Studi pendahuluan biodiversitas dan distribusi ikan di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 2(2): 23–29.

Hadiaty RK. 2018. Status taksonomi iktiofauna endemik perairan tawar Sulawesi. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 18(2): 175–190. https://doi.org/ 10.32491/jii.v18i2.428

Hedianto DA, Sentosa AA, Satria H. 2018. Aspek reproduksi ikan louhan hybrid sebagai ikan asing invasive di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. BAWAL. 10(2): 85–98. https://doi.org/ 10.15578/bawal.10.2.2018.69-82

Herder F, Julia S, Pfaender J, Hadiaty RK, Schliewen UK. 2006. Preliminary checklist of sailfin silversides (Teleostei: Telmatherinidae) in the Malili Lakes of Sulawesi (Indonesia), with a synopsis of systematics and threats. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie Band. 5: 139–163.

[IUCN] International Union Conservation of Nature. 2008. Redlist of threatened species. Available at: www.redlist.org. Accessed: September 16, 2016.

Kamangar B, Ghaderi E, Hoseinpour H. 2015. Growth and reproductive biology of Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes, 1842) from a tributary of Tigris. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 14(4) 956–969.

[KLHK] Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2017. KLHL pulihkan 15 danau proritas nasional.

Kottelat, M. 1991. Sailfin Silversides (Pisces: Telmatherinadae) of Lake Matano, Sulawesi, Indonesia. with Descriptions of Six New Spesies. Ichtyol Explor. Freshwater. 1(4).

Kottelat, M, Whitten AJ, Kartikasari SR, Wirjoatmodjo S. 1993. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonensia and Sulawesi. Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. 221 p.

Mamangkey JJ, Nasution SH. 2014. Pertumbuhan dan mortalitas ikan endemic butini (Glossogobius matanensis Weber, 1913) di Danau Towuti, Sulawesi Selatan. Berita Biologi. 13(1): 31–38.

Nasution SH, Sulistiono, Sjafei DS, Haryani GS. 2007. Distribusi spasial dan temporal ikan endemik rainbow selebensis (Telmatherina celebensis Boulenger) di Danau Towuti, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. 12(2). https://doi.org/10.19027/jai.3.5-11

Nasution SH, Muschin I, Sulistiono, Soedharma D, Wirjoadtmodjo S. 2008. Pertumbuhan, umur dan mortalitas ikan endemic bonti-bonti (Paratherina striata) dari Danau Towuti. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. 14(2): 205–214. https:// doi.org/10.15578/jppi.14.2.2008.205-214

Nontji A. 2017. Danau-danau Alami Nusantara. Ali F, Tanjung LR, Widiyanto T, Henny C, Ridwansyah I, Sulastri, Hidayat, Subehi L, Wibowo H, M.Sc, Maghfiroh M, editor. Indonesia (ID): Pusat Penelitian Limnologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia.

Ridwansyah I. 2017. Analisis perubahan penggunaan lahan di DAS Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. Di dalam: Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan Masyarakat Limnologi Indonesia; 31 Okt 2017; Bogor. Bogor (ID): [Masyarakat Limnologi Indonesia]. hlm 87. No. 25. https://doi.org/10.14203/oldi.2016.v1i2.19

Sentosa AA, Hedianto DA. 2017. Kajian resiko keberadaan ikan asing di Danau Matano. Di dalam: Pertemuan Ilmiah Tahunan Masyarakat Limnologi Indonesia; 31 Okt 2017; Bogor. Bogor (ID): [Masyarakat Limnologi Indonesia]. hlm 55. No. 3.

Sentosa AA, Hedianto DA. 2019. Sebaran ikan louhan yang menjadi invasif di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. LIMNOTEK: Perairan Darat Tropis di Indonesia. 26(1): 1–9.

Sparre P, Venema SC. 1998. Introduksi pengkajian stok ikan tropis. Badan Penelitian dan pengembangan Perikanan. Terjemahan dari Introductionto Tropical Fish Stock Assessment. Fisheries Technical Paper. 306(1): 376 p.

Tantu FY. 2012. Ekobiologi reproduksi ikan opudi Telmatherina antoniae (Kottelat, 1991) sebagai dasar konservasi ikan endemik di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. [disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Turkmen M, Erdogan O, Yildirim A, Akyurt I. 2002. Reproduction tactics, age and growth of Capoeta capoeta umbla (Heckl, 1843) from the Askale region of the Karasu River. Fisheries Research. 54: 317–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(01) 00266-1

Published
2020-12-07
How to Cite
Chadijah, A., & Sulistiono, S. (2020). Pertumbuhan dan Mortalitas Ikan Endemik Opudi (Telmatherina prognatha Kottelat, 1991) di Danau Matano, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 26(1), 92-97. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.26.1.92