JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Penggunaan Input yang Optimal pada Usaha Tani Kedelai (Suatu Kasus di Desa Sukahurip, Kecamatan Pangatikan, Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat)

  • Eti Suminartika Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM.21, Hegarmanah, Kec. Jatinangor, Sumedang 45363

Abstract

The majority of soybean supply is fulfilled by importation and the import of soybean tends to increase. The dependency of Indonesia on imported soybean indeed becomes a serious issue in maintaining food security and local production of soybean is low and quite decreasing. The low domestic soybean production might be caused by the inappropriate used of inputs. Many cases found in the field are the inefficient uses of input factors. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors influencing the soybean production and to analyze the optimal level of input use in soybean production. The study was conducted in the Sukahurip Village, Pangatikan Sub-District, Garut District, West Java in July 2018. The research method used was a survey method. The data used consisted of primary and secondary data. Primary data were obtained from samples of soybean farmers and samples of farmers were taken by a simple random sampling. The data were analyzed by Cobb Douglass`s Production function (to analyze factors affecting soybean production) and the NPM that was equal to BKM formula was used to determine the optimal level of inputs use. Factors influencing soybean production are land and seeds. Land use, seeds, and ZA fertilizer have not been used efficiently because of the limited land use and the use of substandard inputs. The addition of inputs to the optimal level is 1.36 hectares of land use and 52.7 kg of seeds that will maximize the profits.

Keywords: efficiency, input, optimal, production, soybean

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Apriliana H, Winandi R, Pambudy R. 2020. Pengaruh Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu terhadap Efisiensi Teknis Kedelai. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 25(2): 261-269. https://doi.org/10.18343/ jipi.25.2.261

[BP3K] Balai Penyuluhan Pertanian, Perikanan dan Kehutanan Kecamatan Pangatikan Kabupaten Garut. 2017. Programa Penyuluhan Pertanian, Perikanan dan Kehutanan Kecamatan Pangatikan Tahun 2017.

Budhi GS, Aminah M. 2010. Swasembada Kedelai antara Harapan dan Kenyataan. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. 28(1): 5568. https://doi.org/ 10.21082/fae.v28n1.2010.55-68

Damardjati DS, Marwoto DKS, Swastika DM, Arsyad, Hilman Y. 2005. Prospek dan Arah Pengembangan Agribisnis Kedelai. Jakarta (ID): Badan Litbang Pertanian.

Debertin DL. 1986. Agricultural Production Economics. New York (US): Macmillan Publishing Company

Dinas Pertanian Kabupaten Garut. 2017. Laporan Tahunan Dinas Pertanian Kabupaten Garut Tahun 2017. Garut (ID).

Doll JP, Orazem F. 1984. Production Economics: Theory and Application. New York (ID): John Wiley & Sons.

Gujarati D. 1978. Basic Econometrics. New York (ID): McGraww-Hill Book Company.

Irwan. 2013. Faktor Penentu Keputusan Petani dalam Memilih Varietas Benih Kedelai di Kabupaten Pidie. Agrisep. 14(1): 1018.

[Kementan] Kementrian Pertanian. 2017. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Tanaman Pangan (Kedelai). Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Kementrian Pertanian Tahun 2017.

Ningsih IM, Dwiastuti R, Suhartini. 2015. Determinan Efisiensi Teknis Usaha Tani Kedelai. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis. 12(3): 216225. https:// doi.org/10.17358/JMA.12.3.216

Nufus N. 2004. Estimasi Fungsi Produksi dan Efisiensi Alokasi Sumber Daya Petani Kedelai di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Agrisep. 2(2): 145148. https:// doi.org/10.31186/jagrisep.3.1.145-148

Perdana RP, Koestiono D, Syafrial. 2013. Dampak Kebijakan Ekonomi Kedelai terhadap Kinerja Perkedelaian Indonesia. Habitat. 24(2): 120132.

Rahayu W, Riptanti EW. 2010. Analisis Efisiensi Ekonomi Penggunaan Faktor-faktor Produksi pada Usaha tani Kedelai di Kabupaten Sukoharjo. Caraka Tani. XXV(1): 119125. https://doi.org/ 10.20961/carakatani.v25i1.15758

Rante Y. 2013. Strategi Pengembangan Tanaman Kedelai untuk Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Rakyat di Kabupaten Keerom Provinsi Papua. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan. 15(1): 7588. https://doi.org/10.9744/jmk.15.1.75-88

Sevilla, Consuelo G, Jesus A Ochave and Twila G Punsalan. 2007. Research methods. Quezon City (PH): Rey Printing Company.

Sukartawi. 2003. Teori Ekonomi Produksi Dengan Pokok Bahasan Analisis Fungsi Cobb Douglas. Cetakan ke-3. Jakarta (ID): Rajawali Pers.

Sukartawi. 1990. Teori Ekonomi Produksi, dengan Pokok Bahasan Analisis Fungsi Produksi Cobb-Douglas (Cetakan Pertama). Jakarta (ID): CV Rajawali.

Soetrisno. 2010. Rancang Bangun Hulu Hilir, Pemodelan dan Kebijakan Pemerintah pada Agribisnis Kedelai. Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian. 4(3): 4458.

Sukirno. 2005. Mikro Ekonomi Teori Pengantar (Edisi ketiga). Jakarta (ID): PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Susilowati E, Oktaviani R, Arifin B, Arkeman Y. 2013. The Decrease of Production of Indonesian Soybeans and Efforts to Ensure the Certainty of the Vegetable Protein Supply: a Literature Review. International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management. 9(1): 15.

Published
2020-10-27
How to Cite
Suminartika, E. (2020). Penggunaan Input yang Optimal pada Usaha Tani Kedelai (Suatu Kasus di Desa Sukahurip, Kecamatan Pangatikan, Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 25(4), 556-563. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.25.4.556