Economical Performances and Cholesterol Profiles due to the Incorporation of Salvinia molesta in the Diets of Kampong Chicken

  • A. Setiadi Agribusiness Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
  • S. I. Santoso Agribusiness Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
  • B. M. Setiawan Agribusiness Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
  • S. Nurfadillah Agribusiness Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
  • H. Sasana Faculty of Economics and Business, Diponegoro University
  • K. Prayoga Agribusiness Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
  • S. Susanti Food Technology Program, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University
Keywords: cholesterol profile, economic performance, Kampong chicken, Salvinia molesta


This study aimed to perform an assessment of economic performance and meat cholesterol profiles of Kampong chickens fed diets with the increasing levels of Salvinia molesta. One hundred male Kampong chickens were divided into 4 treatments containing 0% (T0), 6% (T1), 12% (T2), and 18% (T3) of S. molesta leaf (SML) in the diet. Then, an economic analysis was performed by calculating revenue, feed cost, and income over feed cost (IOFC). Investment analysis was computed when the farmers raised 1000 heads of Kampong Chicken utilized SML in the feed. NPV, PP, and B/C ratio were calculated for each treatment. The performance of the Kampong chickens fed the diet with SML content of 18% gave the best feed consumption, the final weight, and FCR. Kampong chickens fed diet with SML content of 18% gave the best IOFC. In the investment analysis, the Kampong chicken fed diet contained 18% SML gave the best NPV, PP, and B/C ratio. Regression analysis was conducted on the level of SML in the diet of kampong chicken on some parameters. Kampong chicken fed diet contained SML had significantly higher HDL and lower LDL concentrations. The optimum inclusion level of SML leading to a reduced feed cost and increased IOFC, as well as feasibility, was 18%. Based on the study, utilization of SML up to 18% in the diet of kampong chicken technically and economically gave the best performances.


Download data is not yet available.


Aderemi F. A., O. M. Alabi, M. Agbaje, A. G. Adeleke, & M. O. Ayoola. 2018. Utilization of duckweed meal as replacement for fish meal by broiler chickens. Insight Poultry Research 8:1-9.

Akpaeti, A. & D. Agom. 2018. Comparative cost analysis of broiler chicken fedwith concentrate and Aspilia africana. Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research 6:1-7.

Al-Rekabi, M. M, N. A. L. Ali, & F. R. Abbas. 2020. Effect of partial and total substitution for azolla plant (Azolla pinnata) powder instead of soybean meal in broiler chickens diets on blood biochemical traits. Plant Arch. 20:1344-1348.

Amerah, A. M., A. Quiles, P. Medel, J. Sanchez, M. J. Lehtinen, & M. I. Gracia. 2013. Effect of pelleting temperature and probiotic supplementation on growth performance and immune function of Kampongs fed maize/soy-based diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 180:55-63.

Anderson, K. E. Z., A. M. Stomp, & J. Chang. 2011. Duckweed as a feed ingredient in laying hen dietsand its effect on egg production and composition. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 10: 4-7.

Brouwer, P., K. G. J. Nieropb, W. J. J. Huijgenc, & H. Schluepmann. 2019. Aquatic weeds as novel protein sources: Alkaline extraction of tannin-rich Azolla. Biotechnol. Rep. 24:324-337.

Chander Y. D., B. D. Singh, S.Vishal, & S. Subhasish. 2017. Effect of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis) supplementation on production indices, mortality and cost of production of broiler chicken. J. Anim. Rsc. 7:107-113.

Dwiloka, B., A. Setiadi., S. I. Santoso., E. Suprijatna, & S. Susanti. 2015. Effects of duck feed supplemented with invasive giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta) on duck meat characteristics. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 39: 68-675.

FAO. 2010. Poultry Meat and Eggs: Agribusiness Handbook. Director of InvestmentCentre Division, FAO., Rome, Italy.

Gena, F., L. D. Mahfudz, & Sumarsono. 2014. Utilizing Salvinia molesta as alternative protein source in broiler diet and the effect on performance, breast muscle and abdominal fat. IOSR J. Agric. Vet. Sci. 7: 46-52.

Gini, T. G. & G. J. Jothi. 2018. Column chromatography and HPLC analysis of phenolic compounds in the fractions of Salvinia molesta Mitchell. Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5:197-203.

Leterme, P., A. M. Londono, J. E. Munoz, J. Suarez, C. A. Bedoya, W. B. Souffrant, & A. Buldgen. 2009. Nutritional value of aquatic ferns (Azolla filiculoides Lam. and Salvinia molesta Mitchell) in pigs. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 149:135-148.

Leterme, P., A. M. Londono, D. C. Ordonez, A. Rosales, F. Estrada, J. Bindelle, & A. Buldgen. 2010. Nutritional value and intake of aquatic ferns (Azolla filicuides Lam. And Salvinia molesta Mitchell.) in sows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 155:55-64.

McClements, D. J. 2019. The Science of Foods: Designing Our Edible Future. In: Future Foods. Copernicus, Cham.

Mukherjee, A. K., P. Kalita, B. G. Unni, S. B. Wann, D. Saikia, & P. K. Mukhopadhyay. 2010. Fatty acid composition of four potential aquatic weeds and their possible use as fish-feed neutraticals. Food Chem. 123: 1252-1252.

Mishra, D. B., D. Roy, V. Kumar, A. Bhattacharyya, M. Kumar, R. Kushwaha, & S. Vaswani. 2016. Effect of feeding different levels of Azolla pinnata onblood bio-chemicals, hematology and immunocompetence traits of Chabro chicken. Vet. World. 9:192-198.

Moozhiyil, M. & J. Pallauf. 1986. Chemical composition of the water fern, Salvinia molesta, and its potential as feed source for ruminants. Econ. Bot. 40:375-383.

Nampoothiri, V. M. 2017. Aquatic plants and marine waste as animal feed. Sch. J. Agric. Vet. Sci. 4:249-254

Omasaki, S. K., K. Janssena, M. Bessonac, & H. Komena. 2017. Economic values of growth rate, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, mortality and uniformity for Nile tilapia. Aquaculture 481:124-132.

Paguia, P. M., R. Q. Paguia, C. Balba, & R. C. Flores. 2014. Utilization and evaluation of Moringa Oleifera L. as poultry feeds. APCBEE Procedia. 8:343-347.

Rathod, K. D., D. D. Mohale, S. D. Gadekar, & K.U. Bidwe. 2019. Effect of different herbal feed additives on feed efficiency in broilers. Int. J. Veterinary Sci. Anim. Husb. 4:24-26.

Rawat, D., R. Shah, D. B. Nepali, & J. L. Yadav. 2018. Effect of homeopathic medicine (alfalfa), methionine and lysine supplementation in low protein based diets on the performance of broiler chicken. Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. 6:174-180.

Reyes, F. C. C., A. T. A. Aguirre, E. M. Agbisit Jr, F. E. Merca, G. L. Manulat, & A. A. Angeles. 2018. Growth performances and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed akasya (Samanea saman (jacq.) merr.) pod meal. Trop. Anim. Sci. J. 41:46-52.

Rini, T.P., K. Darwin, & N. Riri. 2014. Ilustration of cholesterol levels patients who get cupping therapy. JOM PSIK 1: 180-187.

Santoso, S. I. & A. Setiadi. 2016. Profitable utilization of giant salvinia, Salvinia molesta, as local duck feed. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 15:121-125.

Santoso, S. I., S. Susanti, & A. Setiadi. 2017. Economic analysis of male broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with Salvinia molesta. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 16:233-237.

Sastromidjodjo. 2000. Handbook of Patient Nutrition Management. Binarupa Askara, Jakarta

Setyadi, F., V.D.Y.B. Ismadi, & I. Mangisah. 2013. Cholesterol levels, HDL and blood LDL due to the combination of lighting lengths and different feeding provisions in broiler chickens. Animal Agriculture Journal 2: 68-76.

SNI (Indonesian National Standard). 2017. Feed Poultry. Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia.

Sudhakar, D., D. Morup, & S. P. Kumar. 2016. Economics of small broiler units in jammu district of jammu and kashmir state. J. Anim. Rsc. 6: 157-165.

How to Cite
Setiadi, A., Santoso, S. I., Setiawan, B. M., Nurfadillah, S., Sasana, H., Prayoga, K., & Susanti, S. (2020). Economical Performances and Cholesterol Profiles due to the Incorporation of Salvinia molesta in the Diets of Kampong Chicken. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 43(4), 347-353.