Rural Woman and Food Security: Diversification of Cassava-Based Foods in Gunungkidul District, Yogyakarta

  • Suharko Suharko Department of Sociology and Center for Rural and Regional Development Studies, Gadjah Mada University
  • Bambang Hudayana 2Department of Anthropology and Center for Rural and Regional Development Studies, Gadjah Mada University
Keywords: cassava, food diversification, food security, local food, women

Abstract

ABSTRACT

This article outlines the role of rural women in diversification of local foods in Indonesia, specifically cassava. Cassava is the third main staple food in Indonesia, after rice and corn. By referring to the concept of food security and food diversification, and using the case study method, this article describes and discusses rural women’s innovations and business initiatives in developing nutritious processed cassava products in Gunungkidul Regency. These products are available at various outlets and are accessible and affordable to the public. Rural women have become the main actors in the diversification of local foods while also playing an important role in creating food security that has become a strategic agenda in Indonesia.

References

Anwar, K. 2018. “Bernadete Deram: Berdayakan Kembali Pangan Lokal” (Re-empowering Local Foods). Kompas (printed), 31 December, 12.
Ariani, M. 2016. “Pergeseran Konsumsi Pangan Lokal, Suatu Keprihatinan” (Shifting Consumption of Local Foods, a Matter of Concern). In Pangan Lokal: Budaya, Potensi dan Prospek Pengembangan (Local Food: Culture, Potential and Development Prospects), edited by E. Pasandaran, R. Heriawan & M. Syakir. Jakarta: IAARD Press.
Ariani, M., Hermanto, Hardono, G.S., Sugiarto, Wahyudi, T.S. 2013. Kajian Strategi Pengembangan Diversifikasi Pangan Lokal (Local Food Diversification Development Strategies Study). Jakarta: Agricultural Research and Development Agency.
Ariani, M & Ashari. 2003. “Arah, Kendala dan Pentingnya Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan di Indonesia” (The Direction, Constraints and Importance of Diversifying Food Consumption in Indonesia). Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi (Agro Economic Research Forum) 21 (2), 99-112.
Budijanto, S. & Yuliana, N.D. 2015. “Development of Rice Analog as a Food Diversification Vehicle in Indonesia” Journal of Developments in Sustainable Agriculture 10 (1), 7-14.
Bushamuka, V.N., Saskia de Pee, Talukder, A., Kiess, L., Panagides, D., Taher, A. & Bloem, M. 2005. “Impact of a homestead gardening program on household food security and empowerment of women in Bangladesh.” Food and Nutrition Bulletin 26 (1), 17-25.
Cresswell, J. W. 2007. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design, Choosing Among Five Approaches. London: Sage publications.
Dewi, Y. P. 2013. Strategi Pengembangan Sentra Industri Krecek Singkong di Kecamatan Ponjong Kabupaten Gunungkidul (Development Strategies for Cassava Cracker Industry Centers in Ponjong Sub-district in Gunungkidul District). Agribusiness Masters Study Program, UNS.
FAO.1997. Agriculture food and nutrition for Africa - A resource book for teachers of agriculture. Rome: FAO. http://www.fao.org/3/w0078e/w0078e06.htm#P3651_241672
FAO. 2003. Trade Reforms and Food Security: Conceptualizing the Linkages. Rome: FAO.
Government of Indonesia. 2012. Undang-undang No.18/2012 tentang Pangan (Law No. 18 of 2012 on Food). Indonesian State Secretariat.
Hadiprayitno, Irene I. 2010. “Food Security and Human Rights in Indonesia.” Development in Practice 20 (1), 122-130.
Herminati, Ainia 2009. “Diet Makanan untuk Penyandang Autis” (Food for People with Autism). Jurnal Pangan, 18 (2), 90-95.
Hudayana, B. 2016. “Empowering Rural Women in Java Through Cassava Culinary Business in the Reform Era.” Proceedings of the 7th Rural Research and Planning Group (RRPG7) International Conference and Field Study, Malaysia, August 15-17.
IFC. 2016. UKM yang dimiliki Wanita di Indonesia: Kesempatan Emas untuk Institusi Keuangan Lokal, Studi Penelitian Pasar (SMEs Owned by Women in Indonesia: A Golden Opportunity for Local Financial Institutions, Market Research Study). Jakarta: IFC & USAID. Accessed 29 August 2019.
Kabarhandayani.com.2016. “Mie Ayo, Mi Instan Berbahan Singkong asal Gunungkidul Penuh Gizi” (Mie Ayo, Nutritious Instant Noodles Made from Cassava from Gunungkidul). Accessed 30 August 2019.
http://kabarhandayani.com/mie-ayo-mi-instan-berbahan-singkong-asal-gunungkidul-penuh-gizi/
Kementerian Pertanian (Ministry of Agriculture). 2017. “Pangan Lokal: Informasi Gizi” (Local Food: Information on Nutrition). Accessed 30 August 2019. http://pangannusantara.bkp.pertanian.go.id/?show=page&act=view&id=16&title=Informasi%20Gizi
Khudori. 2009. “Mewujudkan Kedaulatan Pangan melalui Diversifikasi Pangan” (Achieving Food Sovereignty through Food Diversification). Pangan XVIII (56), 13-31.
Khudori. 2018. “Impor Pangan yang Mematikan” (Deadly Food Imports). Kompas (printed), 20 September, 7.
Lawrence, G. 2017. “Re-evaluating food systems and food security: A global perspective.” Journal of Sociology 53 (4), 774–796.
Luna, A.P.P. 2013. “Neoliberalism and Women’s Struggle for Food Security in Tlaucingo.” Latin American Perspectives 40 (5), 93-104.
Manoppo, Conny N., Siti Amanah, Pang S Asngari and Prabowo Tjitropranoto. 2018. “Women Competence on Home Gardening to Support Food Diversification.” Pertanika Journal of Social Science & Humanities, 26 (2), 825-840.
Martianto, D. 2005. “Pengembangan Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan” (Development of Diversification of Food Consumption). Seminar Pengembangan Diversifikasi Pangan, Bappenas.
Masniah & Yusuf. 2013. “Potensi ubi kayu sebagai pangan fungsional” (Potential of cassava as a functional food). Proceedings in the Seminar on Research Results of Various Legume and Tuber Crops. Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Accessed 29 November 2018. http://balitkabi.litbang.pertanian.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/prosiding_2013_4_11.pdf.
PresidenRI.go.id. 2016. “Potensi Besar UKM Industri Makanan-Minuman” (The Great Potential of Small-Medium Enterprises in the Food-Beverage Industry). Accessed 29 August 2019.
http://presidenri.go.id/berita-aktual/potensi-besar-ukm-industri-makanan-minuman.html
Rachmat, M & M. Syakir. 2016. “Kebijakan Pengembangan Diversifikasi Pangan dan Pangan Lokal” (Food Diversification and Local Food Development Policy). In Pangan Lokal: Budaya, Potensi dan Prospek Pengembangan (Local Food: Culture, Potential and Development Prospects), edited by E. Pasandaran, R. Heriawan & M. Syakir. Jakarta: IAARD Press.
Rahardi, F. 2018. “Globalisasi Pangan” (Food Globalization). Kompas (printed), 20 October, 6.
Sasangko, Tri H. 2006. “Jeratan Pangan Global” (The Global Food Entrapment). Jurnal Analisis Sosial 11(1): 57-81.
Sasongko, Lutfi A. 2009. “Perkembangan Ubi Jalar dan Peluang Pengembangannya untuk Mendukung Program Percepatan Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan di Jawa Tengah” (Development of Sweet Potato and Development Opportunities to Support the Program on Accelerating Diversification of Foods for Consumption in Central Java). Mediagro, 5 (1). https://publikasiilmiah.unwahas.ac.id/index.php/Mediagro/article/view/894
Smeru. 2003. Buku I: Peta Upaya Penguatan Usaha Mikro/Kecil di Tingkat Pusat Tahun1997-2003 (Book I: Map of Efforts to Empower Micro/Small Enterprises at the Central Level during 1997-2003). Jakarta: Smeru.
Sorot.co. 2017. “Harga Jual Singkong Rendah, Pemerintah Olah Produk Jadi Beras Mokaf” (The Low Selling Price of Cassava, the Government Processes Products into Modified Rice). Accessed 27 November 2018. http://gunungkidul.sorot.co/berita-91881-harga-jual-singkong-rendah-pemerintah-olah-produk-jadi-beras-mokaf.html..
Statistics Indonesia (BPS) - Gunungkidul District. 2018. Kabupaten Gunungkidul Dalam Angka 2018 (Gunungkidul District in the 2018 Figures). Gunungkidul: BPS
Suharko. 2019. Preserving Corn Based-Local Food Culture, A Case Study in Pagerejo Village, District of Wonosobo, Central Java. Sodality: Journal of Rural Sociology, 7 (1), 57-64.
Supriadi, H. 2005: Potensi, Kendala Dan Peluang Pengembangan Agroindustri Berbasis Pangan Lokal Ubikayu (Potential, Constraints and Opportunities for Local Cassava Based Agro-Industry Development). Center for Agricultural Economic and Policy Analysis
Sutrisno & I.M. Edris. 2008 “Reaktualisasi Diversifikasi Pangan Berbasis Sumber Daya Lokal” (Re-actualization of Local Resource-Based Food Diversification). Pangan XVIII (56), 45-58.
Stake, R. E. 1995: The Art of Case Study Research. London: Sage Publications.
Suyastiri, YP Ni. 2008. “Diversification of Food Consumption for Food Security Based on Local Potency at Household Level in Semin, Gunungkidul.” Economic Journal of Emerging Markets (EJEM), 13 (1). Accessed 2 September 2019. https://journal.uii.ac.id/JEP/article/view/539
Tambunan, T. 2009. SME in Asian Developing Countries. England: Palgrave McMilan.
Young E.M. 2004: Globalization and food security: novel questions in a novel context? Progress in Development Studies 4 (1), 1-21.
Published
2020-08-03
Section
Articles