Bridging and Bounding Social Capital: Social Interaction Analysis of Islets Islanders in Wakatobi Marine National Park

Keywords: Bonding, Bridging, Sama Bajo, Social Capital, Wakatobi

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the differences in the strength of social capital that is bonding and bridging two community groups, namely land-dwellers and Sama Bajo boat-dwellers in three islands in Wakatobi Marine National Park. This study used a post-positivistic research paradigm, and the primary data were collected by using a questionnaire to 240 respondents who represented the group of land-dwellers and Sama Bajo boat-dwellers on the islands of Wangi-wangi, Kaledupa, and Tomia. This research was also supported by qualitative data through in-depth interviews from several informants and desk studies. The results showed that bridging social capital relations tend to be weak in the two forms of interactions between the Sama Bajo and the land-dwellers on Wangi-wangi Island and Kaledupa Island, while bridging social capital tend to be secured in Tomia Island. We found that the social context through the historical links in the past and identity played a role in the relationship of bridging social capital and bonding social capital in the three communities as an analytical unit of this research.

 

Author Biographies

Taane La Ola, Halu Oleo University
I am a retired Professor in the Department of Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Faculty, Halu Oleo University.
Nur Isiyana Wianti, Halu Oleo University
I am a lecturer in Department of Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Faculty, Halu Oleo University. And also I am a Bajo social researcher.
Muslim Tadjuddah, Halu Oleo University
I am a lecturer in the Department of Capture Fisheries,  Marine Science and Fisheries Faculty, Halu Oleo University.

References

Adriana, Galuh, Nurmala K. Pandjaitan, and Arya Hadi Dharmawan. 2017. “Kohesivitas Komunitas Nelayan Dalam Menghadapi Perubahan Iklim Di Pesisir Jawa Barat (Studi Kasus : Di Pedesaan Jawa Barat).” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 5(1):67–74.

Bakker, Y. W., J. de Koning, and J. van Tatenhove. 2019. “Resilience and Social Capital: The Engagement of Fisheries Communities in Marine Spatial Planning.” Marine Policy 99:132–39.

Baylis, Kathy, Yazhen Gong, and Shun Wang. 2018. “Bridging versus Bonding Social Capital and the Management of Common Pool Resources.” Land Economics 94(4):614–31.

Birendra, K. C., Duarte B. Morais, Erin Seekamp, Jordan W. Smith, and M. Nils Peterson. 2018. “Bonding and Bridging Forms of Social Capital in Wildlife Tourism Microentrepreneurship: An Application of Social Network Analysis.” Sustainability (Switzerland) 10(2):1–17.

Chuenpagdee, Ratana and Svein Jentoft. 2018. “Transforming the Governance of Small-Scale Fisheries.” Maritime Studies 17(1):101–15.

Eriyanto. 2014. Analisis Jaringan Komunikasi Strategi Baru Dalam Penelitian Ilmu Komunikasi Dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group.

Fox, Nick J. 2008. Post-Positivism Post-Positivism. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods.

Gibson, Katherine, Rini Astuti, Michelle Carnegie, Alanya Chalernphon, Kelly Dombroski, Agnes Ririn Haryani, Ann Hill, Balthasar Kehi, Lisa Law, Isaac Lyne, Andrew McGregor, Katharine McKinnon, Andrew McWilliam, Fiona Miller, Chanrith Ngin, Darlene Occeña-Gutierrez, Lisa Palmer, Pryor Placino, Mercy Rampengan, Wynn Lei Lei Than, Nur Isiyana Wianti, and Sarah Wright. 2018. “Community Economies in Monsoon Asia: Keywords and Key Reflections.” Asia Pacific Viewpoint 59(1):3–16.

Hadara, Tamanajo, and La Bia. 2017. History of Wakatobi from Pre-Integration to the District. Kendari: Sekarlangit.

Halim, Abdul, Budy Wiryawan, Neil R. Loneragan, Adrian Hordyk, M. Fedi A. Sondita, Alan T. White, Sonny Koeshendrajana, Toni Ruchimat, Robert S. Pomeroy, and Christiana Yuni. 2019. “Developing a Functional Definition of Small-Scale Fisheries in Support of Marine Capture Fisheries Management in Indonesia.” Marine Policy 100(February 2019):238–48.

Kelman, Ilan. 2018. “Islandness within Climate Change Narratives of Small Island Developing States (SIDS).” Island Studies Journal 13(1):149–66.

Lancee, B. 2012. Immigrant Performance in the Labour Market : Bonding and Bridging Social Capital. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Mendelson, Tamar, A. K. Turner, and S. D. Tandon. 2010. “Social Class As Moderator of the Relationship Between (Dis)Empowering Processes and Psychological Empowerment.” Journal of Community Psychology 39(2):170–82.

Neef, Andreas, Lucy Benge, Bryan Boruff, Natasha Pauli, Eberhard Weber, and Renata Varea. 2018. “Climate Adaptation Strategies in Fiji: The Role of Social Norms and Cultural Values.” World Development 107(July 2018):125–37.

Ola, La, Nur Wianti Isiyana, Tadjuddah, Suriana, and Zani. 2019. “Why Is Trust Worthiness Critical for the Food Security System of Sama Bajo in Coastal Area of South-East Sulawesi Indonesia ?” Bioscience Research 16(4):3372–86.

Panhwar, Abdul Hameed, Sanaullah Ansari, and Asif Ali Shah. 2017. “Post-Positivism: An Effective Paradigm for Social and Educational Research.” International Research Journal of Arts and Humanities.

Pauwelussen, Annet. 2016. “Community as Network: Exploring a Relational Approach to Social Resilience in Coastal Indonesia.” Maritime Studies 15(1):1–19.

Petzold, Jan and Beate M. W. Ratter. 2015. “Climate Change Adaptation under a Social Capital Approach - An Analytical Framework for Small Islands.” Ocean and Coastal Management 36–43.

Rela, Iskandar Zainuddin, Abd Hair Awang, Zaimah Ramli, Yani Taufik, Sarmila Md. Sum, and Mahazan Muhammad. 2020. “Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Community Resilience: Empirical Evidence in the Nickel Mining Industry in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia.” Sustainability (Switzerland) 12(4):1–16.

Rivera, Vivienne Solís, Patricia Madrigal Cordero, David Chacón Rojas, and Brian O’Riordan. 2017. “Institutions and Collective Action in a Costa Rican Small-Scale Fisheries Cooperative: The Case of CoopeTárcoles R.L.” Maritime Studies 16(1):1–19.

Sakaria, J. Anwar, M. Kolopaking Lala, A. Kinseng Rilus, and A. Kinseng Rilus. 2014. “The Impact of Market Penetration on Social Capital Changes at the Fishing Community in Small Island: A Case in Barrang Lompo Island Makassar City, South Sulawesi Province.” International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology 6(3):92–104.

Wianti, Isiyanti Nur, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, and Rilus A. Kinseng. 2012. “Local Capitalism of Bajo.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 6(1):36–56.

Wynne, Barbara Groome. 2007. “Social Capital and Social Economy in Sub-National Island Jurisdictions.” Island Studies Journal 2(1):115–32.

Yamazaki, Satoshi, Budy P. Resosudarmo, Wardis Girsang, and Eriko Hoshino. 2018. “Productivity, Social Capital and Perceived Environmental Threats in Small-Island Fisheries: Insights from Indonesia.” Ecological Economics 152(October 2018):62–75.

Published
2020-04-17
Section
Articles