Rumen Fermentation and Milk Quality of Dairy Cows Fed Complete Feed Silages

  • K Komalasari
  • D A Astuti
  • Y Widyastuti
  • R Ridwan

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the rumen fermentation and milk quality of Friesian Holstein (FH) cows given complete feed silages during lactation. Twelve FH cows in 5th mo lactation were offered four dietary treatments in a completely randomized design with three replications. The treatments were, control diet (NS) containing 50% concentrate, 45% elephant grass and 5% sun flower meal; grass complete feed silage (GS) containing 50% concentrate, 45% elephant grass and 5% sunflower meal; rice straw complete feed silage (RSS) containing 50% concentrate, 30% elephant grass, 15% rice straw and 5% sunflower and palm oil frond complete feed silage (PKS) containing 50% concentrate, 30% elephant grass, 15% palm oil frond, and 5% sunflower meal. Ensilage was done with addition of Lactobacillus plantarum 1A-2 and cellulase enzyme. Analysis of variance and Duncan test were applied to compare the different among the means of treatments. Complete feed silages had range of pH between 3.89-4.44, temperature of 28.0-29.67 oC and lactic acid bacteria of 0.54-1.50 x 108 cfu/g. Crude protein intake of  RSS was  the highest among treatments. Acetate concentration in rumen liquor was more than 70%. Milk yield and protein were not different among treatments. GS gave the highest milk fat (5.66%). The conclusion was that both complete feed silages, using rice straw or palm oil frond can be used as alternative rations for lactating dairy cows.

 

Key words: complete feed, silage, Friesian Holstein, palm oil frond, rice straw

Author Biographies

K Komalasari

Major Program of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University

D A Astuti

Department of Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University
Jln. Agatis, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Y Widyastuti

Research Center for Biotechnology-LIPI
Jln. Raya Bogor Km 46 Cibinong 16911, Indonesia

R Ridwan

Research Center for Biotechnology-LIPI
Jln. Raya Bogor Km 46 Cibinong 16911, Indonesia

Published
2014-07-10