ANALISIS KELEMBAGAAN PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI RIAU

El Syabrina, Dedi Budiman Hakim, Fredian Tonny

Abstract


Varied institutions responsible for agricultural extension in Riau Province have certainly run independently and caused the agricultural extension unproductive, ineffective, and inefficient. This study aims: 1) To identify the structure of agricultural extension institutions in the regional autonomy era in the Riau Province; 2) To analyze the implementation of agricultural extensions in different institutions, 3) To analyze the effect of different extension implementation on the performance of extension workers and the degree of technological application among farmers. This research was conducted from March-April 2008 in Pekanbaru, Kampar Regency and Pelalawan Regency. Methods used in this study were internal and external factors analysis, SWOT analysis (Strengths-Weakness-Opportunities-Threats), and QSPM analysis (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix). Result showed that: 1) Implementation of Laws Number 22/1999 and Number 32/2004 along with the regulations under the laws had caused the agricultural extensions in the Province of Riau to experience coevolution in the social infrastructure of agricultural extensions; 2) The functions of services and arrangement still dominate the working system of extension; 3) The frequency of LAKU is not fully implemented yet, and 4) Formulated strategy in developing the agricultural extension institutions in the Province of Riau is to form a separate and specific institution that regulates agricultural extension.

Keywords: Agriculture, Extension, Institution, Riau Province, Strategies


Full Text:

PDF

References


Amanah, S. 2006. Peran Strategis Penyuluhan Pembangunan: Tinjauan dari Sisi Akademis. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Departemen Pertanian. 2002. Kebijaksanaan Penyelenggaraan Penyuluhan Pertanian. Badan Pengembangan SDM Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta.

Departemen Pertanian. 2006. Rencana Strategis Departemen Pertanian 2005-2009. Jakarta.

Hafsah, J. 2006. Kedaulatan Pangan. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Mardikanto, T. 1991. Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Mardikanto, T. 2008. Refleksi dan Rekomendasi Implementasi Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian dalam Pemberdayaan Manusia Pembangunan yang Bermartabat. Medan: Pustaka Bangsa Press.

Nasdian, Fredian Tonny. 2008. Kelembagaan dan Tata-Pemerintahan Kecamatan: Review Implementasi dan Rekomendasi. Project Working Paper Series No.02. Kerjasama Pusat Studi Pembangunan Pertanian dan Pedesaan, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat , Institut Pertanian Bogor dengan Democratic Reform Support Program, United States Agency for International Development.

Pemerintah Provinsi Riau. 2008. Merekat Kebersamaan Membangun Negeri. Pekanbaru

[RPP] IPB. 2005. Strategi dan Kebijakan Revitalisasi Penyuluhan Pertanian. Badan Ketahanan Pangan. Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta.

Syamsudin S, U. 1977. Dasar-dasar Penyuluhan dan Modernisasi Pertanian. Bandung: Binacipta.

Slamet, M, 2008. Menuju Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Melalui Implementasi UU No. 16/2006 Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Volume 5 Nomor 1, Juni 2013

El Syabrina, Dedi Budiman Hakim, dan Fredian Tonny Analisis Kelembagaan Penyuluhan Pertanian di Riau tentang Sistem Penyuluhan Pertanian, Perikanan, Kehutanan, dalam Pemberdayaan Manusia Pembangunan yang Bermartabat. Medan: Pustaka Bangsa Press. Medan.

Suhardiyono, L. 1990. Penyuluhan: Petunjuk bagi Penyuluhan Pertanian. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Suryana, A. 2003. Kapita Selekta: Evolusi Pemikiran Kebijakan Ketahanan Pangan. Yogyakarta: BPFE-Yogyakarta.

Tedjokoesoemo, H. 1996. Upaya Pemahaman Tugas dan Fungsi Penyuluhan Pertanian (makalah disampaikan pada kegiatan Apresiasi Manajemen dan Metodologi Penyuluhan bagi Peneliti. Bogor, 15-19 Januari 1996). Pusat Penyuluhan Pertanian Departemen Pertanian. Jakarta.

Tony, NF dan Utomo, BS. 2004. Pengembangan Kelembagaan dan Modal Sosial. Modul Kuliah Magister Profesional Pengembanan Masyarakat Departemen Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Ekonomi Fakultas Pertanian. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jurnal%20mpd.5.1.%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.