Dinamika Kelompok Tani Hutan pada Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Bersama Masyarakat di Perum Perhutani Unit I Provinsi Jawa Tengah

  • Suwignya Utama
  • Sumardjo Sumardjo
  • Djoko Susanto
  • Darwis S Gani

Abstract

The collaboration on managing forest resource involves two main actors such as State Forestry
Corporation (Perum Perhutani) and forest farmers groups. The objectives of this study are: (1) to explore
the conditions of factors that influence group dynamics of forest farmers group (FFG); (2) to explore the
condition of group dynamic of forest farmers group and to identify several factors influence the group
dynamic (3) to formulate a model of group dynamic of FFG. Several variables are included in this study
such as potency of individual farmers, effectiveness of empowerment process, role of facilitators,
effectiveness of forest farmers’ group leadershi, environmental supports and group dynamic of FFG. The
locations of the study are in three forest districts area of East Pekalongan, South Kedu and Gundih. The
preliminary study was carried out in January 2008, and field survey had been accomplished from July to
August 2008. Populations of the study are forest villagers around state forest areas in three selected
locations of 889.407 families. Method in this study is survey with questionnaire. Respondents of 408
farmers were selected through multistage cluster sampling with disproportional number of respondents
each location. The research data were processed with descriptive analysis and structural equation
modeling (SEM) with LISREL 8.72. The conclusions of the study are: (1) The condition of effectiveness of
forest farmers’ group leadership low (score 62); the condition of environmental support is low (score 62)
and the condition of facilitators’ role is also low(score 62); (2) Level of group dynamic of forest farmers’
group is low. Factors that influence significantly on the low of group dynamic are the low effectiveness of
forest farmers’ group leadership, unfavorable environmental supports and low role of facilitators; (3)
Model of effective group dynamic are influenced by effectiveness of forest farmers’ group leadership,
favorable environmental supports and role of facilitators. Whereas group dynamic consists of goal of the
group, group structure and group function.
Keywords: Group Dynamic, Forest Villagers, Forest Farmers Group, Collaborative Forest Management, Social Forestry

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Published
2015-12-04
How to Cite
Utama, S., Sumardjo, S., Susanto, D., & Gani, D. S. (2015). Dinamika Kelompok Tani Hutan pada Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Bersama Masyarakat di Perum Perhutani Unit I Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10665

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