AbstractThe territorial waters of Jayapura City, especially the waters of North Jayapura and South Jayapura are the centers of capture fisheries activities of big pelagic species, namely tuna and skipjack tuna, which need to be utilized to provide welfare for the community, especially fishermen in a sustainable manner. For this reason, this study was conducted to analyze the level of utilization of big pelagic fisheries resources and analyze the welfare level of big pelagic fishermen households in Jayapura city waters. Primary data collection is done through interviews with respondents who are randomly selected. Utilization level analysis was carried out using multispecies bioeconomic analysis and analysis of fisherman welfare levels was carried out using the criteria of the poverty line set by the Central Bureau of Statistics. The results showed the actual utilization rates of tuna and skipjack fisheries resources in the waters of Jayapura City are still in the continuous production of MSY and MEY. Nevertheless, the utilization of these big pelagic fisheries resources needs to be supported by economic institutions that can better distribute their benefits, especially to fishermen. This is because based on the survey conducted; most of the household welfare of the big pelagic fishermen tuna and cakalang in the waters of Jayapura City are still classified as not prosperous.
[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Konsep Pengukuran Tingkat Kemiskinan Penduduk. Diakses dari https://www.bps.go.id/ subject/23/kemiskinan-dan-ketimpangan. html pada 4 Maret 2018.
[FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization. 2018. The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018: Meeting the sustainable development goals. Rome: FAO. p 3.
Fauzi A. 2004. Ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan: Teori dan Aplikasi. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia PustakaUtama. 259 p.
Fauzi A. 2010. Ekonomi Perikanan: Teori Kebijakan dan Pengelolaan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 236 p.
[KKP] Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2018. Refleksi 2018 dan Outlook 2019. Jakarta: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. p 15.
[PI] Pemerintah Indonesia. 2009. Undang-Undang Nomor 45 Tahun 2009 tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 2004 tentang Perikanan. Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2010 Nomor 154, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5073. Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara.
Zulbainarni N. 2016. Teori dan Praktik Pemodelan Bioekonomi dalam Pengelolaan Perikanan Tangkap. Bogor: IPB Press. 338 p.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).