Pemanfaatan Citra VIIRS untuk Deteksi Asap Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Indonesia

  • Any Zubaidah LAPAN
  • Sayidah Sulma Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional
  • Suwarsono Suwarsono LAPAN
  • Indah Prasasti LAPAN

Abstract

The observation of smoke because of land and forest fires in some regions in Indonesia mostly use the composite image visually. This study aims to develop the detection model of forest and land fire smoke using a digital analysis, which will be faster in supporting spatial information on emergency response in monitoring forest and land fire smoke. The method used is multi-threshold method and compare it with the existing model that is by modification of method Li et al. (2015). The data used is Suomi NPP-VIIRS satellite imagery. The results concluded that the VIIRS image can be used to detect the smoke and smoke distribution of forest fire and digital smoke. The multi-threshold model uses reflectance data obtained from the M4 visible channel, and the brightness temperature data obtained from the LWIR VIIRS M14 channel, with an average accuracy of 82.2% with a Commision error of 9.8% and an Ommision error of 10%. While the model of modification Li is based only on reflectance of visible-channel data i.e. channel M1, M2, M3, and SWIR VIIRS M11 channel, which has an average accuracy of 72.3% with a Commision error of 0.3% and an Ommision error of 27.4%. The multi-threshold model is a model that has the potential to be applied to detect forest and land fire smoke.

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Author Biography

Sayidah Sulma, Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional
Pusat Pemanfaatan Penginderaan Jauh

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Published
2019-12-05
How to Cite
Zubaidah, A., Sulma, S., Suwarsono, S. and Prasasti, I. (2019) “Pemanfaatan Citra VIIRS untuk Deteksi Asap Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Indonesia”, Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 9(4), pp. 929-945. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.9.4.929-945.