Chrome Tanning Leather of Giant Sea Perch Combined with Seed Extract Areca Nut on the Physical Characteristics

  • Bustami - Ibrahim Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Jalan Agatis, Bogor 16680 Jawa Barat Telepon (0251) 8622909-8622906, Faks. (0251) 8622915
  • Ella - Salamah 1Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Jalan Agatis, Bogor 16680 Jawa Barat Telepon (0251) 8622909-8622906, Faks. (0251) 8622915
  • Nurul - Hak Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengolahan Produk dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan, Jalan Petamburan VI, KS. Tubun, Slipi, Jakarta 10200, Telepon/Faks. (021) 5709158
  • Ade Komalasari Suhendar epartemen Teknologi Hasil Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Jalan Agatis, Bogor 16680 Jawa Barat Telepon (0251) 8622909-8622906, Faks. (0251) 8622915

Abstract

Tanning is the process of converting raw hide protein to leather, which are stable, not easily decompose, and is suitable for a variety of uses. The use of vegetable based tanning materials in the leather tanning process has not been carried out. Vegetable based materials that were used are betel nuts. This plant contains tannin which is the main agent in the process of leather tanning. The aim of this study was to determine the physical characteristics of snapper leather treated with betel nut extract. Soxhlet extracting method with methanol as a solvent were used to obtain tannin from betel nuts. Tanned Snapper Leather were analyzed for physical quality, elongation strength, tensile strength, tear strength, and sewing strength. The result showed that methanol extracted betel nut with 10% concentration gives the optimum physical characteristics.
Keywords: areca nut, chrome, snapper, snapper
Published
2014-11-25