Autentikasi Produk Olahan Ikan Hiu Komersial menggunakan Teknik Species-Specific DNA Mini-barcodes.

Authentication of Commercially Shark Products Using Species-Specific DNA Mini-barcodes Techniques

  • Asadatun Abdullah Department of Aquatic Product Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, IPB University
  • Ari Elisa Ratih Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB University.
  • Shabrina Aulia Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB University
  • Puji Rianti Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, IPB University
  • Tati Nurhayati Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB University
  • Agoes Mardiono Jacoeb Departemen Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB University.
Keywords: Alopias pelagicus, Carcharinus falciformis, CITES, DNA mini-barcodes, Sphyrna lewini

Abstract

The use of shark fishery for processed fishery products raw material may threat the vulnerable shark population to extinction. Sharks generally traded in the form of: fins, salted and boiled fish meat, fish oil and for animal feed, therefore, the identification process using morphology and meristic based methods are challenging. An alternative to the process of seafood labelling authentication, the DNA mini barcodes technique could be applied. This study was aimed to design and apply species-specific DNA mini barcodes primers of three endangered shark species that are included in the CITES list (Sphyrna lewini, Alopias pelagicus, Carcharhinus falciformis) as well as applying it into various commercial processed shark products. The research methods were collection of processed fishery product samples, designing species-specific primers, DNA isolation, testing the quality and quantity of DNA, DNA amplification, and sequencing. Various commercial products were successfully amplified by species-specific primers, namely the target of 300 bp (S. lewini), 285 bp (A. pelagicus) and 352 bp (C. falciformes). The sequencing results demonstrated the identified species as S. lewini, A. pelagicus, C. falciformes and Hemigaleus microstoma with homology of 99-100%. The results showed that the illegal application of sharks, thus it is necessary to apply more stringent regulations to conserve shark species that have been threatened with extinction.

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Published
2020-09-04