Kualitas Daging Ikan Kurisi (Nemipterus japonicus) Hasil Tangkapan Nelayan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Branta, Pamekasan

Quality of Kurisi Meat (Nemipterus japonicus), Results of Fisherman Catching in Branta Fishing Port, Pamekasan

  • Abdus Salam Junaedi Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
  • Fortunata Riana Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
  • Harfatia Chandra Puspita Sari Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
  • Witria Witria Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
  • Muhammad Zainuri Program Studi Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura
Keywords: Escherichia coli, Nemipterus japonicus, Salmonella sp, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus

Abstract

Quality control over the catch of fishermen in the Branta Fishery Port, Pamekasan is still not well-implemented. This study was aimed to evaluate the quality of kurisi fish meat based on the value of the Total Plate Count (TPC), diversity and total heterotrophic bacteria and pathogens on TSA, EMB, SSA, and TCBS media. The heterotrophic bacterial TPC (TSA) value was 8.59 Log CFU/g with 7 species diversity and the highest total of species abundance was between 2-336 colonies (BH3). The pathogenic bacterial TPC (EMB) value was 3.72 Log CFU/g with 6 species diversity and the highest total of species abundance was between 784-1009 colonies (BPE4). The BPE1 bacterial isolate which was metallic green was suspected to be Escherichia coli. The pathogenic bacterial TPC (SSA) value was 4.12 Log CFU/g with 5 species diversity and the highest total of species abundance was between 35-450 colonies (BPS1), and the BPS1 bacterial isolate which was black was suspected to be Salmonella sp. The pathogenic bacterial TPC (TCBS) value was 5.41 Log CFU/g with 2 species diversity and the highest total of species abundance was between 0-44 colonies (BPT1). The green and yellow BPT1 and BPT2 bacterial isolate were suspected to be Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus.

References

Asriyana, SLS. 2012. Perubahan ontogenik makanan ikan kurisi, Nemipterus hexodon (famili: Nemipteridae) di Teluk Kendari. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 12(1): 49-57.
Chatterjee SN, Syed AA, Mukhopandhyay B. 2014. Diversity of soil bacteria in soms villages areas anjoining to Joypur Forest of Vankura District of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Environmental Biology. 4(1): 67-70.
Devi AR, Ari S, Ratna S. 2019. Enumerasi dan uji patogenitas Vibrio sp. yang terdapat pada kerang darah (Anadara granosa) di kawasan pantai wisata Yogyakarta. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon. 5(1): 357-361.
Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Timur, 2010. Produksi Perikanan di Jawa Timur. Surabaya: Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Jawa Timur.
Hikmawati F, Ari S, Ratna S. 2019. Deteksi jumlah dan uji patogenitas Vibrio spp. pada kerang hijau (Perna viridis) di kawasan wisata pantai Yogyakarta. Pros Dem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon. 5(2): 334-339.
Ihsan B, Ira MA, Imra. 2018. Deteksi dan identifikasi bakteri Salmonella spp. pada ikan bandeng yang dijual di pasar gusher Kota Tarakan. Jurnal Harpodon Boerneo. 11(1): 46-51.
Laluraa LFH, Helen JL, Hanny, W.M. 2014. Identifikasi Bakteri Escherichia Pada Ikan Selar (Selaroides sp) Bakar di Beberapa Resto di Kota Manado. Jurnal Media Teknologi Hasil Perikanan. 21(1): 5-8.
Lestari WL, Agung B, Artini P. 2016. Bakteri heterotrof aerobik asal saluran pencernaan ikan sidat (Anguilla bicolor bicolor) dan potensinya sebagai probiotik. Bioteknologi. 12(1): 9-17.
Luo YW, Friedrichs MAM, Doney SC, Church MJ, Ducklow HW. 2010. Oceanic heterotrophic bacterial nutrition by semilabile DOM as revealed by data assimilative modeling. Acuatic Microbiology Ecology. 273-287.
Markenih E. 2016. Sanitasi dan higienitas serta pengaruhnya terhadap kualitas ikan yang didaratkan di pelabuhan perikanan pantai Blanakan, Subang. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Muchlis N, Ernawati T. 2015. Aspek biologi ikan kuniran (Upeneus sulphureus) di perairan Lampung Timur. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ikan ke-9, Jilid 3 di Jakarta. 956-957.
Murniyati AS dan Sunarman. 2000. Pendinginan, Pembekuan, dan Pengawetan Ikan. Yogyakarta: Kanisus.
Nurhayati, SIM. 2013. Analisis degradasi polutan limbah cair pengolahan rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) dengan penggunaan mikroba komersial. Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas Teknik, LIMITS. 9(1): 1-13.
Rahmatang M. dan Prihajatno I. 2019. Waktu transit, nilai organoleptik, dan nilai keasaman (pH): hasil tangkapan purse seine. PENA Akuatika. 18(1): 28-40.
Rahmiati. 2016. Analisis bakteri Salmonella Shigella pada kuah sate pedagang kaki lima. Jurnal Biolink. 3(1): 31-36.
Sabdaningsih A, Anto B, Endang K. 2013. Isolasi dan karakterisasi morfologi koloni bakteri asosiasi alga merah (rhodophyta) dari perairan Kutuh Bali. 2(2): 11-17.
Violentina GAD, Yan R, dan I Gusti NKM. 2015. Identifikasi bakteri dari ikan tongkol (Euthynnus affinis) yang diperdagangkan di Pasar Ikan Kedonganan, Bali. Jurnal Biologi. 19(2): 58-62.
[WHO] World Health Organization . 1982. Bacteriological examination. Examination of Water Pollution Control. 3: 273-531.
Yuliani NS, Ewaldus W, Petrus MB. 2016. Identifikasi bakteri Salmonella Sp dan jumlah total kontaminan bakteri coliform pada ikan kembung (Scomber sp.) yang dijual di Pasar Inpres dan Oeba. Partner. 1(1): 16-20.
Published
2020-08-29