Farida Dwirahmawati, Nizar Nasrullah, Bambang Sulistyantara


The Interchange of highway is the intersection of several roads that consists of numerous road levels. It causes great number of traffic volume and releases vast pollutant quantities. This research objective were to analyze the influence of wind speed and traffic volume with NO2 concentrations at the surrounding of the interchange road. Researches were conducted at Cikunir interchange, between JORR E1 (Taman Mini-Cikunir segment), JORR E2 (Cikunir-Cakung), and Jakarta-Cikampek toll road. Concentration of NO2 gas was measured at the point of 0 m, 10 m, and 75 m from the shoulder in the green belt plot and in the plot having no green belt. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between traffic volume with ambient NO2 concentration. The correlation level between the volume of vehicle with NO2 concentration is 0.925 (very strong). Wind speed did not have a significant correlation with NO2 concentrations. Volume of vehicles and wind speed simultaneously (together) have a significant correlation on the NO2 concentration.


interchange road, NO2 concentration, pollutant, traffic volume, wind speed


Anttila, P., Tuovinen, J. 2010. Trends of primary and secondary pollutant concentrations in Finland in 1994-2007. Atmosfer Environment Journal. 44 (1):30-41.

Anttila, P., Tuovinen, J., Niemi, J.V. 2011. Primary NO2 emissions and their role in the development of NO2 concentrations in a traffic environment. Atmosfer Environment Journal. 45 (4):986-992.

Badan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup Jakarta. 2012. Laporan Kualitas Udara DKI Jakarta. [terhubung berkala]. [29 September 2016].

Badan Pusat Statistik DKI Jakarta. 2015. Statistik Daerah Provinsi DKI Jakarta 2015. [terhubung berkala]. [29 September 2016].

Camilleri, Rosalie. 2013. Nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere : a study on the distribution of the air pollutant in the Maltese Islands. [disertasi] Malta:University of Malta

Carslaw, D.C. 2005. Evidence of an increasing NO2/NOx emissions ratio from road traffic emissions. Atmosfer Environment Journal. 39(26):4793-4802.

Dower, J.W. 2015. Green infrastructure incorporating plant and enhanching biodiversity in buildings and urban enviroments. New York (US):Earthscan

Finlayson, Pitts. 1999. Chemistry of the Upper and Lower Atmosphere: Theory, Experiments, and Applications. California (US): Academic Press.

Hamra, G.B., Laden, F., Cohen, A.J., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., Brauer, M., Loomis, D. 2015. Lung Cancer and Exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide and Traffic: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental health perspectives.

Hermawan, R., Kusmana, C., Nasrullah, N., Prasetyo, L.B. 2011. The effect of the Plant Row Number of Roadside Vegetation in Reducing Lead (Pb) Particles Emitted by Motor Vehicle (Case study of Acasia mangium Green belt, Jagorawi Highway). Jurnal Media konservasi. 16:55-64.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup Dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia. 2015. Indeks Kualitas Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia 2014.

Nasrullah, N., Tatsumoto, H., Misawa, A. 1994. Effect of roadside planting and road structures on NO2 concentration near road. Japan Toxicol Environ Health Journal. 40:328-337.

Nasrullah, N. 1997. Studi Kemampuan Tanaman Jalan Raya dalam Menyerap Polusi Udara (NO2).[laporan riset]. Riset Unggulan Terpadu III, Bidang Teknologi Lingkungan, Tahun 1995-1997. Jakarta: Dewan Riset Nasional, Kantor Menteri Riset dan Teknologi.

Nowak. 1994. Air pollution removal by Chichago’s urban forest. Pennsylvania:USDA Forest Service.

Seinfeld, J.H., Pandis, S.N.2006. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics : From Air Pollution to Climate Change. Somerset (US) : J Wiley and Sons Inc.

Sulistijorini. 2009. Keefektifan Dan Toleransi Jenis Tanaman Jalur Hijau Jalan Dalam Mereduksi Pencemar NO2 Akibat Aktivitas Transportasi. [disertasi] Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor, Sekolah Pascasarjana.

Sulistijorini, Mas’ud, Z.A., Nasrullah, N., Bey, A., Tjitrosemito, S. 2008. Tolerance level of roadside trees to air pollutants based on relative growth rate and air pollution tolerance index. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences . 15(3):123-129.

Sulistyantara, B., Nasrullah, N., Fatimah, I.S., Pratiwi, P.I. 2016. Study of the Effectivity of Several Tree Canopy Types on Roadside Green Belt in Influencing The Distribution Vertically and Horizontally of CO gas Emitted from Transportation Activities to Vicinity of The Road. Earth and Environonment Science Journal. 31:1755-1315.

[WHO] World Health Organization. 2013. Health Aspects of Air Pollution with Particulate Matter, Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide


Creative Commons License
LanskapIndonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



View My Stats