• Larastyan Yang Bogaan Muhammad Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Megawati Simanjuntak Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: dukungan sosial, penyesuaian, perceraian, religiusitas, tingkat stres


Divorce rates in Indonesia are increasing annually and caused by many factors such as infidelity, economics factor, and domestic violence. Divorce has an impact on many aspects of a woman's life including physical health, mental health, financial status, child custody, education, and social status. This study aimed to analyze the effect of religiosity, social support, and stress on the adjustment of divorced women. The samples were chosen by purposive technique sampling with the criteria of women who have divorced between 1 and 12 months and the numbers of samples are 100 divorced women. The research location was chosen purposively, in the city of Tangerang, West Java Province. The results showed religiosity, stress, and adjustment as a moderate category but low categorized social support. The divorced women in this study were in early adulthood who more than half of them are high school graduated and working in the private sector. Infidelity is the main cause of divorce with a divorce period of three months after the decision and divorce are understood by women as plaintiffs. The results revealed that high categorized religiosity (trust, commitment, and religious behavior) of divorced women have a significant positive effect on the adjustment of divorced women. Religiosity has a significant negative effect on the level of stress, which means that if religiosity is high then the stress level in divorced women will below, and vice versa. Stress levels have a significant negative effect on the adjustment of divorced women, which means that if the stress level of divorced women is high then the adjustment of divorced women will below, and vice versa. In this study, social support did not affect the adjustment of divorced women.

Author Biographies

Larastyan Yang Bogaan Muhammad, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Program Studi Ilmu Keluarga dan Perkembangan Anak, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Lecturer of Program Studi Ilmu Keluarga dan Perkembangan Anak, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Megawati Simanjuntak, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Lecturer of Program Studi Ilmu Keluarga dan Perkembangan Anak, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor


Abazari, F., Abaszadeh, A., & Arab, M. (2004). Evaluation and sources of stress in nursing students. Journal of Medical Education Development steps, 17(6), 399–407.

Allendorf, K., & Ghimire, D. J. (2013). Determinants of marital quality in an arranged marriage society. Social Science Research, 42(1), 59–70. doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.09.002.

Amato, P., & Cheadle, J. (2005). The long reach of divorce: divorce and child well-being across three generations. Journal of Marriage and Family. 67(1), 191–206.

Amato, P., & Hohmann-Marriott, B. (2007). A comparison of high- and low-distres marriages that end in divorce. Journal of Marriage and Family. 69, 621-638. doi.Org/10.llll/j.1741-3737.2007 .00396.x.

Amato, P., & Rodgers, S. (1999). Do attitudes toward divorce affect marital quality? Journal of Family Issues, 20, 69–86. doi:10.1177/019251399020001004.

Anderson, E. R., & Greene, S. M. (2005). Transitions in parental repartnering after divorce. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage. 43, 47–62. doi: 10.1300/J087v43n03_03.

Ano, G. G., & Vasconcelles, E. B. (2005). Religious coping and psychological adjustment to stres: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 61(4), 461–480. doi:10.1002/jclp.20049.

Asanjarani, F., Galehdarpour, N., Estalkhi, F. H., Neghabi, M. D., Shahverdi, A., & Rajamand, S. (2017). The comparison of life satisfaction, coping styles and resilience in divorced bidder and non-bidder women. Community Health. 4(1),34–41.

Bzostek, S. H., McLanahan, S. S., & Carlson, M. J. (2012). Mothers’ repartnering after a nonmarital birth. Social Forces. 90, 817–841. doi:10.1093/sf/sos005.

Cornwall, M., Albrecht, S. L., Cunningham, P. H., & Pitcher, B. L. (1986). The dimensions of religiosity: a conceptual model with an empirical test. Review of Religious Research. 27(3), 226. doi:10.2307/3511418.

Dariyo, A. (2004). Memahami psikologi perceraian dalam kehidupan keluarga. Jurnal Psikologi, 2(2), 94-100.

De Graaf, P. M., & Kalmijn, M. (2003). Alternative routes in the remarriage market: competing risk analyses of union formation after divorce. Social Forces, 81, 1459–1498.

Dedert, E. A., Studts, J. L., Weissbecker, I., Salmon, P. G., Banis, P. L., & Sephton, S. E. (2004). Religiosity may help preserve the cortisol rhythm in women with stres-related illness. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 34(1), 61–77. doi:10.2190/2y72-6h80-bw93-u0t6.

Dipayanti, S., & Chairani, L. (2012). Locus of control dan resiliensi pada remaja yang orangtuanya bercerai. Jurnal Psikologi, 8(1), 15-20. ISSN: 2407-8786.

Ermisch, J. F. (2004). Parent and adult–child interactions: Empirical evidence from Britain. Working papers of the Institute for Social and Economic Research, Colchester: University of Essex.

Faizah, B. A. G., & Azian, A. A. (2013). Profile of single mothers in southern Malaysia and issue afflicting their lives. British Journal of Arts and social Sciences, 16(1), 197-206.

Furstenberg, F. F., Jr., Hoffman, S. D., & Shrestha, L. (1995). The effect of divorce on intergenerational transfers: new evidence. Demography, 32(3), 319.

Gahler, M. (2006). “To divorce is to die a bit . . .”: a longitudinal study of marital disruption and psychological distres among Swedish women and men, The Family Journal: Counseling And Therapy For Couples And Families, 14, 372-382.

Gammon, J., & Morgan-Samuel, H. (2005). A study to ascertain the effect of structured student tutorial support on student stress, self-esteem and coping. Nurse Education and Practice, 5, 161-171. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2004.09.003.

Goddard, H. W., Marshall, J. P., Olson, J. R., & Dennis, S. A. (2012). Character Strengths and Religiosity as Predictors of Marital Satisfaction in a Sample of Highly Religious and Divorce-Prone Couples. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 11(1), 2–15. doi:10.1080/15332691.2011.613308.

Goldstein, M. (2008). Domestic Violence Stalks in Many Guises. Pahrump Valley Times dated 21 March 2008.

Grundy, E. (2005). Reciprocity in relationships: socio-economic and health influences on intergenerational exchanges between third age parents and their adult children in Great Britain. The British Journal of Sociology, 56(2), 233–255. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-4446.2005.00057.x.

Gunuc, S., & Dogan, A. (2013). The relationship between turkish adolescents internet addiction, their perceived social support and family activities. Computer in Human Behavior, 29, 2197-2207, doi:

Gustavson, K., Nilsen, W., 0rstavik, R., & Rpysamb, E. (2014). Relationship quality, divorce, and well-being: findings from a three-year longitudinal study. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9,163-174. Doi:

Handono, O, T., & Bashari, K. (2013). Hubungan antara penyesuaian diri dan dukungan sosial terhadap stres lingkungan pada santri baru. Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi, 1(2), 79-89. ISSN: 2303-114x.

Hetherington, E. (2003). Intimate pathways: Changing patterns in close personal relationships across time. Family Relations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 52, 318–331. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2003.00318.x.

Johnson, D. R., & Wu, J. (2002). An empirical test of crisis, social selection, and role explanations of the relationship between marital disruption and psychological distres: a pooled time-series analysis of four-wave panel data, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 64, 211-224.

Khan, F., & Aftab, S. (2013). Marital satisfaction and perceived social support as vulnerability factors to depression. American International Journal of Social Science, 2(5), 99-107.

King, P., & Boyatzis, C. J. (2004). Exploring adolescent spiritual and religious development: Current and future theoretical and empirical perspectives. Applied Developmental Science, 8, 2–6. doi:10.1207/S1532480XADS0801_1.

Kitson, G. C., Fine, M., & Harvey, J. (2006). Divorce and relationship dissolution research: Then and now. In Handbook of divorce and relationship dissolution (pp. 15–40). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Koenig, H. G. (2001) Religion and medicine II: religion, mental health, and related behaviors. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 31(1), 97-109. doi:10.2190/bk1b-18tr-x1nn-36gg.

Kramrei, E., Coit, C., Martin, S., Fogo, W., & Mahoney, A. (2007). Post-divorce adjustment and social relationships: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 46(3–4), 145–166. doi:10.1300/J087v46n03_09.

Luppicini, R., & Saleh, R. H. (2017). The role of online social networks for divorced Saudi women in the face of social, psychological, economic, and legal challenges.Technology in Society, 5(1),142–152. doi:10.1016/j.techsoc.2017.07.008.

Maharani, O. P., Andayani, B. (2003). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Ayah Dengan Penyesuian Sosial Pada Remaja Laki-Laki. Jurnal Psikologi, 30(1), 23-35. doi: 10.22146/jpsi.7030.

Mahoney, A., Pargament, K. I., Murray-Swank, A., & Murray-Swank N. (2003). Religion and the sanctification of family relationships. Review of Religious Research, 44, 220 – 236.

Mcdonald, W. A., & Gorsuch, R. L. (2000). Surrender to God: An Additional Coping Style? Journal of Psychology and Theology, 28(2),149–161.doi:10.1177/009164710002800207.

Musgrave, C. F., Allen, C., & Allen, G. J. (2002). Spirituality and health for women of color. American Journal of Public Health. 92,557–560. doi:10.2105/AJPH.92.4.557.

Nair, H., & Murray, A. D. (2005). Predictor of attachment security in preschool children from intact and divorced families. The Jounal of Genetic Psychology, 166(3), 245-263. (2018). Retrieved January 8, 2019, from

Oktaviani, M., Herawati, T., & Tyas, F. P. S. (2018). Stres, strategi koping, dan kesejahteraan subyektif pada keluarga orang tua tunggal. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, 11(3),169-180. doi:

Papalia, D. E. (2008). Human Development (Psikologi Perkembangan). Jakarta (ID): Kencana.

Pudrovska, T., & Carr, D. (2008). Psychological adjustment to divorce and widowhood in mid- and later life: do coping strategies and personality protect against psychological distres? Advances in Life Course Research, 13, 283–317. doi:10.1016/s1040-2608(08)00011-7.

Radloof, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385–401. doi:10.1177/014662167700100306.

Risnawati, R., & Ghufron, M. N. (2010). Teori-teori Psikologi. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media.

Ryan, M. E. (2000). Concerns, values, stress, coping, health and educational outcomes of college students who studied abroad. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 4(2), 9-15.

Sarkisian, N., & Gerstel, N. (2008). Till marriage do us part: Adult children’s relationships with their parents. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(2), 360–376.

Semiun, Y. (2006). Kesehatan Mental 1. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Soewondo, & Soesmaliyah. (2001). “Keberadaan pihak ketiga. poligami dan permasalahan pernikahan (keluarga) ditinjau dari aspek psikologi”, Dalam bunga rampai Psikologi perkembangan pribadi dari anak sampai lanjut usia. Jakarta : Universitas Indonesia Press.

Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: new scale for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 38,15-28. doi:

Sudarto, Lusiana, Wirawan, & Henny, E. (2001). Penghayatan makna hidup wanita bercerai, Jurnal llmiah Psikologi Arkhe, 2, 41-57.

Sunarti, E., Pratiwi, R. N., & Muflikhati, I. (2011). Kelentingan Keluarga, Dukungan Sosial, dan Kesejahteraan Keluarga Nelayan Juragan dan Buruh di Daerah Rawan Bencana.Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen,1907-6037.

Sunarti, E., Tati, Atat, S. N., Noorhaisma, R., & Lembayung. (2005). Pengaruh tekanan ekonomi keluarga, dukungan sosial, kualitas pernikahan, pengasuhan, dan kecerdasan emosi anak terhadap prestasi belajar anak. Media Gizi dan Keluarga, 29(1), 34-40. ISSN. 0216-9363.

Wang, H., & Amato, P. R. (2000). Predictors of divorce adjustment: stressors, resources, and definitions. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 655–668.