Peran Keluarga dalam Pencegahan HIV/ AIDS di Kecamatan Purwokerto Selatan

  • Colti Sistiarani Jenderal Soedirman University
  • Bambang Hariyadi
  • Munasib Munasib
  • Septi Maria Sari
Keywords: AIDS, HIV, family, perception, stigma

Abstract

There are still many obstacles in prevention program of HIV and AIDS, especially for prevention program with family-based. Southern Purwokerto Subdistrict is in the red zone of HIV and AIDS spread in Banyumas District. The purpose of the study was to examine the role of families in preventing HIV and AIDS. This type of research was qualitative research through phenomenology method by seeing perception about individual action. Data collection was conducted through in-depth interviews to key informants that were husbands and wives informant. The main informants were 6 husbands and wives couples while the comparison informants were 3 informants for the source triangulation. Data analysis used content analysis. The results of this study illustrated that the couples already know about HIV/ AIDSinformation, how to spread HIV and AIDS, and how to prevent HIV and AIDS. The role of HIV prevention had not been done optimally either by husband and wife. Wife had no control over her husband about sexual behavior. Socialization on HIV/ AIDSprevention and family empowerment efforts was also not optimally implemented related to health education in preventing HIV/ AIDStransmission. The follow up of this research is the importance of efforts to disseminate information about HIV and AIDS to families and communities.

References

Abhinaja, I.G.W., Astuti, & P.A.S. (2013). Pengetahuan, sikap ibu rumah tangga mengenai infeksi menular termasuk HIV/AIDS serta perilaku pencegahannya di Kelurahan Sanur, Kecamatan Denpasar Selatan. Community Health 1 (3) : 218-228

Ahwan, Z (2014). Stigma dan diskriminasi HIV & AIDS pada orang dengan HIV dan AIDS [ODHA] di masyarakat basis anggota Nahdlatul Ulama’ [NU] Bangil Jurnal Kebangsaan 6(1):1-15. universitas.yudharta.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/11.pd

Alo, O.I (2013). Empowering Yoruba Women in Nigeria to Prevent HIV/AIDS: The Relative Significance of Behavioural and Social Determinant Models. Exchanges: the Warwick Research Journal, 1 (1) : 59-81

Ardani, I., & Handayani, S. (2017). Stigma terhadap Orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA) sebagai Hambatan Pencarian Pengobatan: Studi Kasus pada Pecandu Narkoba Suntik di Jakarta. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. 45 (2): 81-88. DOI:10.224435/bpk.v45i2.6042.81-88

Baroroh, I., Hidayati, N., & Kusumawardani, D. (2014). Pengetahuan dan sikap Wanita Rawan Sosial Ekonomi (WRSE) tentang pencegahan penanggulangan HIV/AIDS di Kota Pekalongan. Jurnal Litbang Kota Pekalongan. 7(1) : 22-39

Bukit, L.M., & Simanjuntak, M. (2015). Dimensi budaya dan penyebaran penyakit HIV/AIDS di Perkumpulan Kasih Rakyat. Perspektif Sosiologi. 3 (1) : 90-103

Butt, L., Morin, J., Numbery, G., Peyon, I., Goo, A. (2010). Stigma dan HIV/AIDS di wilayah pegunungan Papua. Pusat Studi Kependudukan Universitas Cendrawasih Papua dengan University of Victoria Canada

Dalimoenthe, I. (2011). Perempuan dalam cengkeraman HIV/AIDS : kajian sosiologis feminis perempuan ibu rumah tangga. Jurnal Komunitas. 5(1):41-48

Dunlap, E. (2016). Knowledge, awareness and behavior : HIV and Disasters. Journal Alcohol Drug Depend. 4(1) : 230

Esariti, L. (2016). Determinan analisis gender pada pemberdayaan miskin perkotaan. Ruang. 2 (3) : 751-760

Friedman, M. 2010. Buku Ajar Keperawatan keluarga : Riset, Teori, dan Praktek. Edisi ke-5. Jakarta: EGC

Gani, Y., Utomo, S.W. (2016). The relation between knowledge of HIV-AIDS, attitude, behaviour and the incidence of STIs In Housewives In Bukittinggi City, West Sumatra province 2013. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences. 4 (3) :662-668

Gyawali, K., Paneru, D. K., Paudel, D. P., Joshi, K. R., & Paudel, M. (2014). Human immunodeficiency virus related knowledge, risk perception and practices among married women of reproductive age: A Cross-sectional study from Mid-western Development Region, Nepal. Annals of Medical Health Sciences Research. Sep-Oct; 4(5): 786–790.

Kaur, H., Singh, G. P. I., Soni, R. K. (2013). A community based study of HIV/AIDS knowledge among housewives of Rural And Urban Background In Punjab. International Journal of Research and Health Sciences. 2(1): 236-242

Katikiro, E. & Njau, B. (2012). Determinant of behavioural change for condom use among out of school youths in Tanzania. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health. GJMEDPH, 1 (5) September-October page 63-53. www.gjmedph.org.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2017). Laporan Situasi Perkembangan HIV/ AIDS dan PIMS di Indonesia Januari-Maret 2017. Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit ; Jakarta

Kinsler, J.J., Wong, M.D., Sayles, J.N., Davis,C., Cunningham, W.E. (2007). The effect of perceived stigma from a health care provider on access to care among a low income HIV positive population. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. 21(8) : 584-592 Lestari, D., Hargono, R., & Subarniati, R. (2013). Pengembangan Program Pemberdayaan Peningkatan Kemandirian Ibu Rumah Tangga Pengidap HIV. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan. 16(3) : 283-295

Mahajan, A.P., Sayles, J.N., Patel, V.A., Remien, R.H., Ortiz, D., Szekeres, G., & Coates, T.J., (2008). Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: A review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward AIDS. 2008 Aug; 22(Suppl 2): S67–S79.DOI: 10.1097/01.aids.0000327438.13291.62

Maimunah. (2012). Ketidakadilan gender terhadap perempuan local dalam upaya penanggulangan HIV/AIDS. Jurnal Masyarakat Kebudayaan dan Politik. 23 (1) : 174-183

Maiorana, A., Kegeles, S.m Salazar, X., Konda, K., Santiesteban, A.S., Caceres, C. (2016). ‘Proyecto Orgullo’ an HIV prevention, empowerment and community mobilisation intervention for gay men and transgender women in callao/lima, peru. Glob Public Health. 11(7-8): 1076–1092. DOI: 10.1080/17441692.2016.1161814

Malave, S., Ramakrisnhna, J., Heylen, E., Bharat, S., Ekstrand, M.L. (2014). Differences in testing, stigma, and perceived consequences of stigmatization among heteroseksual men and women living with HIV in Bengaluru, India. AIDS Care. 26 (3) : 396-403

Masoudnia, E. (2015). Public perception about HIV/AIDS and discriminatory syndrome in iran. Sahara Journa of Aspect of HIV/AIDS. 12 (1): 116-122

Martha, E., & Kresno, S. (2016). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif untuk Bidang Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada

Najib, A. (2015). Pola Kebijakan Penanggulangan dan penularan terhadap perkembangan virus HIV/AIDS dan peran pekerja sosial. Panggung Hukum. 1(2) : 189-216

Neuman, M., Obermeyer, M.C., Cherutich, P., Desclaux, A.H., Ky-zerbo, O., Namakhoma, I., Wanyenze, R. (2013) Experiences of stigma, stigma, discrimination, care and support among people living with HIV : a four country study. AIDS Behaviour. 17 (5) : 1796-1808

Octavianty, L., Rahayu, A., Rahman, F.,& Rosadi, D. (2015). Pengetahuan, sikap dan pencegahan HIV dan AIDS pada Ibu Rumah Tangga. Jurnal Kemas. 11 (1) : 53-58

Ojikutu, B.O., Pathak, S., Srithanaviboncai, K., Limbada, M., Friedman, R., Li, S., Mimiaga, M. J., Mayer, K.H., Safren, S.A. 2016. Community cultural norms, stigma and disclosure to sexual partners among women living with HIV in Thailand, brazil and Zambia (HPTN 063). Plos One . 6 (May) : 1-16

Piper, C; Elder, K; Olatosi, B; Onsomu, E; Williams, EM; Sebastian, N; Ogbuano, C; Lee, W; Glover, SH. (2012). Beliefs and perception of risk of HIV among women that have never been tested for HIV in the United States. Journal of The National Medical assosiation. 104, issue 9-10. September-October 2012. Page 441-448

Retnowati, M. (2017). Hubungan pengetahuan dengan stigma tokoh agama terhadap orang dengan HIV AIDS di Kabupaten Banyumas. Bidan Prada Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan. 8(1):86-94

Sakirna, A.I., & Siti A, D.H. (2017). Menyiroti budaya patriarki di Indonesia. Social Work Journal 7 (1) : 1-129

Sari, B.W.N., & Suwartiningsih, S. (2013). Pemberdayaan perempuan dalam penanggulangan HIV/AIDS di Kota Salatiga. Jurnal Studi Ilmu Pembangunan Interdisiplin. 22(2): 118-135

Saspriyana, K.Y., Suwiyoga, K., & Darmayasa, L.M. (2015) Karakteristik umur, pendidikan dan pekerjaan istri serta status suami sebagai faktor risiko terjadinya infeksi HIV pada ibu hamil. Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran. 46 (1) : 3-8

Setiyawati, N.,Shaluhiyah, Z., & Cahyo, K. (2014). Sikap ibu rumah tangga terhadap tes HIV AIDS di Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia.9(1): 56-66

Setyadani, A.S. (2013). Perilaku kesehatan reproduksi pada anak jalanan dengan seks aktif di kota semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. 9 (1) : 30-36

Sistiarani, C., Gamelia, E., & Anandari, D. (2016). Analisis pencegahan HIV/ AIDS pada ibu rumah tangga di Kecamatan Purwokerto Selatan. Laporan Penelitian Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman (sedang dalam tahap publikasi)

Shaluhiyah, Z., Hasyim, H., Amiruddin, R, Syarifah, Nopriadi, Subirman, Mardjan, Momongan, N., Prabawa, A., Virani, D., Susanti, Y., Fikri, I.M., Suryoputro,A., Prijono, Leonita, E., Indrasari, W., & Siregar, K.N. (2013) Kurikulum dan Modul Penanggulangan HIV dan AIDS Program Studi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. Komisi Penanggulangan AIDS Nasional : Jakarta

Shaluhiyah, Z., Musthofa, S. B., Widjanarko, B. (2015). Stigma masyarakat terhadap orang dengan HIV/AIDS. Kesmas ; Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional. 9 (4) : 333-339

Sofro, M.A.U., & Sujatmoko, S.A. (2010). Sehat dan Sukses dengan HIV-AIDS. Penerbit Gramedia Elex Media Komputindo : Jakarta

Stangl, A., Lioyd, J.K., Brady, L.M., Holland, C.E., Baral, S. (2013). A systematic review of interventions to reduce HIV related stigma and discrimination from 2002 to 2013 : how far we come?. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 16 (2) ; 18-34

World Health Organization (WHO), International Labor Organization (ILO). (2005). Pedoman bersama WHO/ILO tentang pelayanan kesehatan dan HIV dan AIDS. Direktorat Pengawasan Kesehatan Kerja Direktorat Jenderal Pembinaan Pengawasan Ketenagakerjaan. Jakarta

Yebei, V., Fortenberry, J.D., Ayuku, D.O. (2008). Felt stigma among people living with HIV/AIDS in rural and urban Kenya. African Health Science. 8 (2) : 97-102

Yulianti, A.P. (2013). Kerentanan perempuan terhadap penularan HIV & AIDS: Studi pada Ibu rumah tangga pengidap HIV/AIDS di Kabupaten Pati, Jawa Tengah. PALASTREN, 6. (1), 185-200.

Published
2018-05-31
How to Cite
Sistiarani, C., Hariyadi, B., Munasib, M., & Sari, S. M. (2018). Peran Keluarga dalam Pencegahan HIV/ AIDS di Kecamatan Purwokerto Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 11(2), 96-107. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2018.11.2.96