ANALISIS DAYA SAING DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI EKSPOR BAN INDONESIA KE KAWASAN AMERIKA LATIN

Mia Ayu Wardani, Sri Mulatsih

Abstract


The tire industry is an industry that has potential to increase Indonesian exports to non-traditional markets such as Latin America. The purpose of the study is to analyze the power of the comparative, competitive, and export dynamic of Indonesian tire and also the factors that affect the export of Indonesian tire to Latin America. The period of analysis used in this study is from 2009 to 2014 using the method of analysis are Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Export Product Dynamic (EPD), Gravity models and Porter's Diamond. The results of this study are rubber tire Indonesia has strong competitiveness in Latin America than in the country of Argentina. In addition, the rubber tire Indonesia has a good export dynamics position (rising star) in the country of Panama, Venezuela, Uruguay, Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. Factors that affect the export of Indonesian rubber tire to Latin America is the distance economies, Indonesia's per capita real GDP, real GDP per capita of the destination country, the real exchange rate, and the population of the destination country.


Keywords: Competitiveness, Gravity Model, Porter’s Diamond,Tire


Full Text:

PDF

References


Acharya, S. 2013. A Panel Data Analysis of Foreign Trade Determinants of Nepal: Gravity Model Approach. NRB Economic Review, vol. 25, 1-20.

[APBI] Asosiasi Perusahaan Ban Indonesia. 2008-2013. Laporan Tahunan. APBI, Jakarta.

Balassa B. 1965. Trade Liberisation and Revealed Comparative Advantage. The Manchester School. UK

Basri F, H Munanadar. 2010. DasarDasar Ekonomi Internasional Pengenalan dan Aplikasi Metode Kuantitatif. Kencana Prenada Media Group. Jakarta.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2016. Nilai ekspor Indonesia berdasarkan negara tujuan tahun 2008-2014. http//www.bps.go.id. [2016 Jan 24]

[CEPII] Centre d’Etudes Prospectives et d’Informations Internationales. Geodesic Distances.. Tersedia pada: http://www.cepii.fr/distance/dist_c epii.zip [2016 Feb 3]

Deardoff A. 1997. Determinants of Bilateral Trade : Does Gravity Work in a Classical World?. University of Chicago Press. Chicago.

[Ditjenbun] Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. 2016. Luas areal dan produksi perkebunan seluruh Indonesia menurut pengusahaan. Tersedia pada: http://www.ditjenbun.pertanian.go .id [2016 Feb 1]

Esterhuizen. 2006. Measuring and Analysing Competitiveness in The Agribusiness Sector: Methodological and Analytical Framework. University of Pretoria. Petroria.

Evasari, U. 2014. Dampak Fasilitasi Perdagangan Terhadap Ekspor Elektronika Indonesia ke NegaraNegara Anggota APEC. Skripsi. IPB. Bogor.

[Gapkindo] Gabungan Perusahaan Karet Indonesia. 2016. Industri Kulit, Karet dan plastik Masih Prospektif untuk Dikembangkan. http://www.gapkindo.org [2016 Feb 20]

Haditaqy A. 2015. Analisis Daya Saing dan faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Permintaan Ekspor Teh Hitam Indonesia ke Negara Tujuan Ekspor [skripsi]. IPB. Bogor.

Hatab AA, Romstad E, Huo X. 2010. Determinants of Egyptian Agriculture Exports: A Gravity Model Approach. Modern Economy. 1:134- 143.doi:10.4236/me.2010.13015.

Head K, Mayer T. 2013. Gravity equations : Workhorse, toolkit and cookbook. Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers. No.02.

[ITC] International Trade Center. 2016. Existing and potential trade between Indonesia and Latin America and the Caribbean. Tersedia pada http://www.trademap.org/Bilateral _TS.aspx. [2016 Feb 4]

Karagoz K, Saray MO. 2010. Trade potential og Turkey with AsiaPacific Countries: Evidence from Panel Gravity Model. International Economic Studies. 36(1): 19-26.

Karlinda F. 2012. Analisis Daya Saing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Permintaan Espor Mutiara Indonesia. Skripsi. IPB. Bogor.

[Kemenperin] Kementrian Perindustrian. 2016. Industri Ban Diandalkan. Tersedia pada: http://www.kemenperin.go.id [2016 Feb 13]

Kementrian Perindustrian. 2016. Industri Karet Sintetis Butuh Investasi US$ 1M Tersedia pada: http://www.kemenperin.go.id. [2016 Feb 2].

Kementrian Perindustrian. 2016. Saleh Husin Tantang Industri Serap Karet 40 Persen Tersedia pada : http://www.kemenperin.go.id [2016 Jan 30]

[KEMLU] Kementrian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. 2016. FEALAC [Internet]. [diunduh pada Feb 2]. Tersedia pada: http://www.kemlu.go.id

Krugman PR. 2009. International Economics: theory and policy. Pearson. Boston.

Li K, Song L, Zhao X. 2008. Component Trade and China’s Global Economic Integration. UNU-WIDER Reasearch Paper 101: 1-23.

Lipsey R, G Courant, CTS 1993. Pengantar Makroekonomi Eds 10. Jilid 2. Terjemahan. Binarupa Aksara. Jakarta

Mankiw NG. 2007. Makroekonomi Edisi Keenam. Liza F, Imam N, penerjemah; Hardani W, Barnadi D, Saat S, editor. Erlangga. Jakarta. Terjemahan dari: Macroeconomics. Ed ke-6.

Nayantakaningtyas JS, Daryanto HK. 2012. Daya Saing dan Strategi Pemngembangan Minyak Sawit Indonesia. JMA. 9(3).

Porter ME. 1990. The Competitive Advantage of Nation. The Free Press, New York.

Pradipta A, Firdaus M. 2014. Posisi Daya Saing dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Ekspor BuahBuahan Indonesia. JMA. 11(2).

Salvator D. 1997. Ekonomi Internasional. Erlangga. Jakarta.

Tinbergen, Jan. 1962. Shaping The World Economy Policy. Twentieth Century Fund. New York.

[UNCOMTRADE] United Nations Commodity Trade. 2013-2016. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembanguan, hlm. 81-100 Vol UNCOMTRADE Statistics Database 2013. www.un.comtrade.org. [Diunduh pada 2016 Jan 23].

[UNCTAD] United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. 2016. Data Center Economic Trends. http://www.unctad.org. [diunduh pada 2016 Feb 2]

Yuniarti D. 2007. Analisis Determinan Perdagangan Bilateral Indonesia Pendekatan Gravity Model. JEP. 12(2): 99-109.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/jekp.6.1.81-100

Editorial Office

JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN

Department  Economics
Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University.
Agatis Street, Campus of IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, West Java, Indonesia
Phone/Fax: (0251) 8626602 ; Email: jekp@apps.ipb.ac.id Website: https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jekp/index

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.