• Emilia Khristina Kiha STIE Kriswina Sumba
  • Wiwiek Rindayati FEM IPB


In Indonesia, the increase in food prices usually results in the rise in the inflation rate. To cope with this problem, a better food distribution among regionsis absolutely required. This study aimed to describe the dynamics of food prices, to test the convergence level of food prices and to analyze the factors that influence the changes in food prices between regions in Indonesia. The data used were obtained from the Central Agency of Statistics and the Ministry of Agriculture from  2002 to 2010. The method used was analysis of dynamic panel data (First Difference-Generalized Methode Moment/FDGMM). The results of the study showed that all commodities of food prices were convergent, sugar at the highest level and rice at the lowest, while the factors that influence changes in food prices were production rate, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and population.
Keywords: Convergence, Food Prices, GMM Panel Data


Download data is not yet available.


Barro, R. and Sala-i-Martin, X. (1991), “Convergence across states and regions”, Brookings Paper on Economic Activity, Vol. 1, pp. 107-82.

Borensztein, E., Khan, M.S., Reinhart, C.M., and Wickham, P. (1994). The Behavior of Non-oil Commodity Prices. Occasional Paper No.112, Internation Monetary Fund, Washington D.C.

Chambers, M.J. and Bailey, R.E. (1996). A theory of commodity price fluctuations. The Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 104, No. 5, hal. 924-957.

Dawe, D. (2001). How Far Down the Path to Free Trade? The Importance of Rice Price Stabilization in Developing Asia. Food Policy, Vol. 26, hal. 163175.

Deaton, A. and Laroque, G. (1992). On the behavior of commodity prices. Review of Economic Studies, No. 59, hal. 1-23.

Hasan, M.F. 2008. “Menghindari Krisis Pangan Global”. Majalah Investor Daily.

Loveridge, S. 1991. “Marketing in Rwanda - imports and infrastructure.” Food Policy 16:95-104.

Minten, B. and S. Kyle. 1999. “The effect of distance and road quality on food collection, marketing margins, and traders’ wages: Evidence from the former Zaire.” Journal of Development Economics 60: 467-495.

Prastowo, Nugroho Joko, 2008, Pengaruh Distribusi dalam Pembentukan Harga Komoditas dan Implikasinya terhadap Inflasi, Working Paper, Bank Indonesia

Quah, D. 1995. Empirics for Economic Growth and Convergence. Centre forEconomic Performance Discussion Paper 253:10-23.

Raharja dan Mandala, 2002. Teori Ekonomi Mikro : Suatu Pengantar. Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Salvatore, D. 1996, Internasional Economics, New Jersey : Prentice Hall Inc.

Siregar, H. 2009. Dinamika Harga Pangan, BBM, Inflasi serta Kemiskinan, dan Implikasinya bagi Ketahanan Pangan. IPB Pres. Bogor

Soekartawi, 2002. Prinsip Dasar Ekonomi Pertanian : Teori dan Aplikasi Edisi Revisi 2002. RajaGrafindo Persada. Jakarta

Sulastiri. Y. P. 2008. Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan Pokok Berbasis Potensi Lokal Dalam Mewujudkan Ketahanan Pangan Rumahtangga Pedesaan Di Kecamatan Semin Kabupaten Gunung Kidul

Suparmoko, M. 1997. Pengantar Ekonomika Mikro (Edisi Kedua). BPFE, Yogyakarta

Syafa’at, B. 2007. Studi Dinamika Produksi Padi Tahun 2001 dan Identifikasi Faktor Penyebabnya. Puslitbang Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian bekerjasama dengan ARMP II (Agriculture Research Management Project). Badan Litbang Pertanian.

Timmer, 2008. Productivity Level Database: International Comparisons of Output, Inputs and Productivity at the Industry Level. Research Memorandum GD-104, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen

Tomek, W. G. (2000). Commodity Prices Revisited. Staff Paper 2000-05, Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, New York.

How to Cite
Kiha, E. K., & Rindayati, W. (2018). KONVERGENSI HARGA PANGAN POKOK ANTAR WILAYAH DI INDONESIA. JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN, 2(1), 30-46. https://doi.org/10.29244/jekp.2.1.30-46