The Relationship Between Gratitude and Social Support with The Stress of Parents Who Have Children in Need of Special
The purpose of this research is to know the relation between gratitude and social support with the stress of parents who have children in need special. Through random sampling techniques, acquired the subject 30 parents who have children in need specially in Surabaya. This research is the gauge scale gratitude scale, stress and social support scale. Research data were analyzed with regression shows double F = 4.750 and sig = 0.01 means there is a significant relationship between social support and gratitude with the stress of parents who have children in need special. The results of the R square = 0.260 meaning stress parents who have children in need special can be explained by the gratitude and social support of 26%. Next partially gratitude does not correlate with the stress parents of children in need special (partial r = 0.001 with sig = 0.998), and social support proved to be significantly correlated negatively with the stress parents of children in need of special r partial =-0.480 with sig = 0.008
American Psycological Association. (2012). Stres in America : Our Health at Risk. American Psychological Association.
Bryant, R. (2010). Treating the full range of post traumatic reactions. In Rosen, G. & Frueh, B. (eds), Clinician’s Guide to Post traumatic Stress Disorder,. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
Cohen, S. and Syme S.L. (1985). Social Support. Academic Press, INC. London
Collins and Feeney. (2004).Working Models of Attachment Shape Perceptions of Social Support: Evidence From Experimental and Observational Studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 87, No. 3, 363–38.
Crampton, S.M., Hodge, J.W., & Mishra, J.M.. (1995). Stress and Stress Management. Journal of Advance Management. Vol 60, 3, 10
Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Counting Blessings Versus Burdens: An Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life. Journal of Personality and sosial Psychology, 84, 377–389. doi: 10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.527
Fitzgerald. (1998). Gratitude and Justice. Ethics, 109 (1), 119-153
House, James S. and Robert L. Kabarl . (1985). Measures and concepts of social support. In Sheldon Cohen and S Leonard Syme (eds.), Social Support and Health: 83-108. New York: Academic Press
König, S., & Glück, J. (2013). “Gratitude is with me all the time:: how gratitude relates to wisdom. Journal of Gerontology. Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.
Lopez, V., Clifford, T., Minnes, P. and Ouellette-Kuntz, H., (2008) Parental stress and coping in families of children with and without developmental delays. J. Devl. Disabilities., 14(4):99-103.
McAdams, Dan P. and Jack J. Bauer. (2004). “Gratitude in Modern Life: Its Manifestations and Development.” Pp. 81-99 in The Psychology of Gratitude, edited by Robert A. Emmons and Michael E. McCullough. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mc Cullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. A. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, (1), 112–127.
McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J. A., Emmons, R. A. (2004). Gratitude in Intermediate Affective Terrain: Links of Grateful Moods to Individual Differences and Daily Emotional Experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86 (2), 295–309. The American Psychological Association, Inc
Mira, Destryarini. (2013). Strategi Coping dan Kelelahan Emosional (Emotional Exhaustion) pada Ibu yang Memiliki Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus (Studi Kasus di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Atma Husada Mahakam Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur). eJournal Psikologi. Volume 1 Nomor 2, Halaman123-135. Samarinda : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik Universitas Mulawarman.
Pruyser, P. W. (1976). The minister asdiagnostician: Personal problems in pastoral perspective. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
Rangaswamy, K. and Bhavani, K. (2008) Impact of disability on the family and needs of families of disabled children, J. Commu. Guid. Res., 25(1): 121- 130
Rozanski A, Blumenthal JA, Kaplan J. (1999). Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. Circulation ;99:2192–217
Santrock J.W. (2002). Perkembangan Masa Hidup. Jakarta; Erlangga
Schieve, L. A., Blumberg, S. J., Rice, C., Visser, S.N., and Coleen Boyle. (2007). The Relationship Between Autism and Parent stres. Prediatrics. 119(1), 1144-121. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-2089Q
Southwick SM, Vythilingam M, Charney DS. (2005) The psychobiology of depression and resilience to stress: Implications for prevention and treatment. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 1:255–91
Spangenberg, J.J., & Theron, J.C. (1998). Stress and Coping Strategies in Spouses of Depressed Patients. Journal of Psychology, 133(3), 253-262. doi: 10.1080/00223989909599738
Stansfeld SA, Fuhrer R, Head J, et al. (1997) Work and psychiatric disorder in the whitehall II study. J Psychosom Res 43:73–81. 27.
Syahabuddin. (2010).Hubungan antara Cinta dan Stres dengan Memaafkan pada Suami dan Istri. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
Toifur, dan Prawitasari, J. E. (2003). Hubungan antara Status Sosial Ekonomi, Orientasi Religius, dan Dukungan Sosial dengan Burnout pada Guru Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Cilacap. Sosiohumanika, 16A(3). 511-527.
Uchino BN, Cacioppo JT, Kiecolt Glaser JK. (1996) The relationship between social support and physiological processes: A review with emphasis on underlying mechanisms and implications for health. Psychol Bull 1996;119:488–531.
Watkins, P. C., Uhder, J., & Pichinevskiy, S. (2014). Grateful recounting enhances subjective well-being: The importance of grateful processing. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(2), 91–98. http://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2014.927909
Wood, A.M., Froh, J.J., & Geraghty, A.W. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review. Xxx, xxx-xxx