Growth of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon post-larvae fed on Artemia containing Vibrio SKT-b probiotic

  • . Widanarni Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680
  • Yani Hadiroseyani Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680
  • Asri Sutanti Departemen Budidaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Kampus IPB Dramaga Bogor 16680

Abstract

ABSTRACT

 

Application of probiotic bacteria is an alternative technology to increase shrimp production in an environmentally friendly aquaculture. Administration of probiotic bacteria can be conducted through artificial feed or live food such as Artemia. This study was done to examine the effectiveness of various doses of probiotic Vibrio SKT-b through Artemia on the growth and survival of post-larval shrimp. Tiger shrimp at a stage of PL 10 was reared in glass jars filled with 2 L of sea water at a density of 10 larva/L. The study consisted of five probiotic concentrations control (0 cfu/mL), A (103 cfu/mL), B (104 cfu/mL), C (105 cfu/mL), and D (106 cfu/mL). Administration of various doses of probiotic bacteria Vibrio SKT-b through Artemia significantly increased the growth rate in term of the length and weight, but had no effect on survival. The results found that treatment D (106 cfu/mL) gave an increase in body weight, length and survival rate of 22.53%/day, 0.080 cm/day and 95%, respectively.

 

Keywords: probiotic, Artemia, tiger shrimp

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Aplikasi bakteri probiotik merupakan salah satu alternatif teknologi untuk meningkatkan produksi budidaya udang yang ramah lingkungan. Pemberian bakteri probiotik dapat dilakukan melalui pakan buatan atau pakan alami seperti Artemia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas pemberian berbagai dosis bakteri probiotik Vibrio SKT-b melalui Artemia terhadap pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup pascalarva udang windu. Stadia udang windu yang digunakan adalah pascalarva (PL) 10. Udang dipelihara dalam wadah kaca volume 3 L yang diisi air laut 2 L dengan kepadatan 10 ekor/L. Penelitian ini terdiri atas lima perlakuan yaitu kontrol (dosis bakteri probiotik 0 cfu/mL), A (103 cfu/mL), B (104 cfu/mL), C (105 cfu/mL), dan D (106 cfu/mL). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian berbagai dosis bakteri probiotik Vibrio SKT-b melalui Artemia berpengaruh nyata terhadap laju pertumbuhan panjang dan bobot, namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap nilai kelangsungan hidup. Hasil terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan D (106 cfu/mL) dengan pertumbuhan bobot 22,53%/hari, pertumbuhan panjang 0,08 cm/hari, dan sintasan 95%.

 

Kata kunci: probiotik, Artemia, udang windu

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Published
2014-01-17
How to Cite
Widanarni, ., Hadiroseyani, Y., & Sutanti, A. (2014). Growth of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon post-larvae fed on Artemia containing Vibrio SKT-b probiotic. Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, 12(1), 79-85. https://doi.org/10.19027/jai.12.79-85