Aplication of Gene Transfer in Aquaculture

  • . Alimuddin Laboratory of Aquaculture, Departement of Aquatic Bioscience, Tokyo University of Fisheries
  • G. Yoshizaki Laboratory of Aquaculture, Departement of Aquatic Bioscience, Tokyo University of Fisheries
  • O. Carman Bogor Agricultural University, Department of Aquaculture
  • K. Sumantadinata Bogor Agricultural University, Department of Aquaculture

Abstract

Recently, global food security has become a hot issue by the public in national as well as out of the country. Aquacultural output will need to be increased several fold in order to meet the rising demands for fish in coming years as the increasing of mankind population. The intensity and capacity of production is expected to increase using biotechnology approach. One of the advances biotechnologies that expected to be a powerful approach for aquaculture development is transgenic technique. This technique has been applied to several commercially valuable species. This review describes various techniques of gene transfer, persistence and expression of transferred gene, application and future aspect of gene transfer research in aquaculture.

Key words: Gene transfer, gene expression, biotechnology,  aquaculture

 

ABSTRAK

Saat ini, keamanan pangan telah menjadi isu hangat di masyarakat baik di dalam maupun di luar negeri. Produksi akuakultur diharapkan dapat ditingkatkan beberapa kali lipat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pangan berupa ikan dimasa-masa mendatang akibat peningkatan populasi manusia. Intensitas dan kapasitas produksi diharapkan meningkat dengan menggunakan pendekatan bioteknologi. Salah satu teknik modern yang diduga akan menjadi sarana yang berguna dalam pengembangan akuakultur adalah teknologi transfer gen. Teknik ini telah diaplikasikan pada spesies-spesies yang memiliki nilai ekonomis. Ulasan ini menggambarkan variasi metode transfer gen, persistensi dan ekspressi dari gen yang ditransfer, aplikasi dan prospeknya ke depan dari penelitian transfer gen dalam akuakultur.

Kata kunci : transfer gen, ekspressi gen, bioteknologi, akuakultur

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Published
2003-05-01
How to Cite
Alimuddin, ., Yoshizaki, G., Carman, O., & Sumantadinata, K. (2003). Aplication of Gene Transfer in Aquaculture. Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, 2(1), 41-50. https://doi.org/10.19027/jai.2.41-50