Biologi reproduksi lobster pasir (Panulirus Homarus Linnaeus, 1758) di Teluk Palabuhanratu

  • Novia Indah Kintani Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
  • Isdradjad Setyobudiandi Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
  • Yusli Wardiatno Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Jl. Agatis, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Keywords: fecundity, reproductive biology, scalloped spiny lobster, sexual maturity

Abstract

Scalloped spiny lobster (Panulirus homarus) is one of lobster species that can be found in Palabuhanratu Bay. Information about the reproductive biology of lobster is needed for lobster fisheries management. This study was conducted to analyze the reproductive biology aspect, the spawning season, and to find out the lobster fisheries condition due to the size at sexual maturity of Panulirus homarus in Palabuhanratu Bay. This study was conducted in October 2016 until March 2017. Carapace length and weight of lobster were measured, then laboratory analysis was carried out for the berried female lobster. Size at sexual maturity of female Panulirus homarus were 49,5 mm of carapace length. The length of first capture of male and female Panulirus homarus were 45,2 mm and 45,7 mm of carapace length. Berried female lobsters were found on each month of the study. Lobster fecundity ranged from 25.000 up to 151.000 eggs per female lobster. The peak of spawning season occurred on October.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Araujo MSLC, Lira JJPR. 2012. Condition factor and carapace width versus wet weight relationship in the Swimming Crab Callinectes danae Smith 1869 (Decapoda: Protunidae) at the Santa Cruz Channel, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Nauplius. 20(1):41–50.

Ayza O, Tuset VM, González JA. 2011. Estimation of size at onset of sexual maturity and growth parameters in Norway Lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) off the Portuguese Coast. Fisheries Research. 108(1):205–208. doi: 10.1016/ j.fishres.2010.11.015.

Berry P. 1971. The biology of the spiny lobster Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus) off the East Coast of Southern Africa. Investigational Report Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban (ZA). 28. hlm 1–75.

Chan TY. 1998. Lobsters. Di dalam: Carpenter KE, Niem VH, editor. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 2. Cephalopods, Crustaceans, Holothurians, and Shark., 2:975. Rome (IT): Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation. hlm 975.

Chubb, CF. 2000. Reproductive biology: issues for management. Di dalam: Phillips BF, Kittaka JR, editor. Spiny Lobsters: Fisheries and Culture Second Edition. Oxford (UK): Fishing News Books. hlm 245–275.

Cobb JS, Wang D. 1985. Fisheries biology of lobsters and crayfishes. Di dalam: Bliss DE, Provenzano AJ Jr, editor. The Biology of Crustacea. Volume 10. Economic Aspects: Fisheries and Culture. Florida (US): Academic Press INC. hlm 167–247.

Cockcroft A, Butler M, MacDiarmid A. 2013. Panulirus homarus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013 [Internet]. [diunduh 2017 Jul 28]. Tersedia pada: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.20111.RLTS.T170062A67031 97.en.

Fauzi M, Prasetyo AP, Hargiyatno IT, Satria F, Utama AA. 2013. Hubungan panjang-berat dan faktor kondisi lobster batu (Panulirus penicillatus) di perairan Selatan Gunung Kidul dan Pacitan. BAWAL. 5(2):97–102.

Fowler J, Cohen L, Jarvis P. 1998. Practical Statistic for Field Biology. Ed ke-2. Chichester (UK): John Wiley & Sons. 272 hlm.

Furqan, Nurani TW, Wiyono ES, Soeboer DA. 2017. Tingkat pemahaman nelayan terkait dengan kebijakan pelarangan penangkapan benih lobster Panulirus spp. di Palabuhanratu. ALBACORE. 1(3):297–308.

Goñi R, Quetglas A, Reñones O. 2003. Size at maturity, fecundity and reproductive potential of a protected population of the spiny lobster Panulirus elephas (Fabricius, 1787) from the western Mediterranean. Marine Biology. 143:583-592. doi:10.1007/s00227-003-1097-5.

Hargiyatno IT, Satria F, Prasetyo AP, Fauzi M. 2013. Hubungan panjang-berat dan faktor kondisi lobster pasir (Panulirus homarus) di perairan Yogyakarta dan Pacitan. BAWAL. 5(1):41–48.

Holthuis, LB. 1991. Marine Lobsters of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Species of Interest to Fisheries Known to Date. Rome (IT): FAO Fisheries Synopsis. 13(125). 292 hlm.

Junaidi M, Cokrowati N, Abidin Z. 2010. Aspek reproduksi lobster (Panulirus sp.) di perairan Teluk Ekas Pulau Lombok. Jurnal Kelautan. 3(1):29–35.

Junaidi M, Cokrowati N, Abidin Z. 2011. Tingkah laku induk betina selama proses pengeraman telur dan perkembangan larva lobster pasir (Panulirus homarus Linnaeus, 1758). Jurnal Akuatika. 2(1):1–10.

Kadafi M, Widaningroem R, Soeparno. 2006. Aspek biologi dan potensi lestari sumberdaya lobster (Panulirus spp.) di perairan pantai Kecamatan Ayah Kabupaten Kebumen. Jurnal Perikanan. 8(1):108–117. doi: 10.1002 /chem.200701946.

Kembaren DD, Lestari P, Ramadhani R. 2015. Parameter biologi lobster pasir (Panulirus homarus) di perairan Tabanan, Bali. BAWAL. 7(1):35–42. doi: 10.15578/bawal.7.1.2015.35-42.

Kembaren DD, Nurdin E. 2015. Distribusi ukuran dan parameter populasi lobster pasir (Panulirus homarus) di perairan Aceh Barat. BAWAL. 7(3):121–128.

Khikmawati LT, Martasuganda S, Sondita MFA. 2017. Keragaan lobster hasil tangkapan di Palabuhanratu dibandingkan regulasi yang berlaku. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis. 9(2):507–520.

King M. 2007. Fisheries Biology Assessment and Management. Ed ke-2. Oxford (UK): Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 382 hlm.

MacDiarmid AB, Sainte-Marie B. 2006. Reproduction. Di dalam: Phillips BF, editor. Lobsters: Biology, Management, Aquaculture and Fisheries. Oxford (UK): Blackwell Publishing Ltd. hlm 359–384.

Ongkers OTS, Pattiasina BJ, Tetelepta JMS, Natan Y, Pattikawa JA. 2014. Some biological aspects of painted spiny lobster (Panulirus versicolor) in Latuhalat waters, Ambon Island, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux. 7(6):469–474.

Pauly D. 1984. Fish Population Dynamics in Tropical Waters: A Manual for Use with Programmable Calculators. Manila (PH): ICLARM. 325 hlm.

Phillips BF, Melville-Smith R. 2006. Panulirus species. Di dalam: Phillips BF, editor. Lobsters: Biology, management, aquaculture and fisheries. Oxford (UK): Blackwell Publishing Ltd. hlm 359–384.

Ramirez-Llodra E. 2002. Fecundity and life-history strategies in marine invertebrates. Advances in Marine Biology. 43:87–170.

Romimohtarto K, Juwana S. 2001. Biota Laut: Ilmu Pengetahuan tentang Biota Laut. Jakarta (ID): Djambatan.

Sparre P, Venema C. 1998. Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment Part 1: Manual. Rome (IT): FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 306/1, Rev. 2. 407 hlm.

Vijayakumaran M, Maharahan A, Rajalakshmi S, Jayagopal P, Subramanian MS, Remani MC. 2012. Fecundity and viability of eggs in wild breeders of spiny lobsters, Panulirus homarus (Linnaeus, 1758), Panulirus versicolor (Latrielle, 1804), Panulirus ornatus (Fabricius, 1798). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India. 54(2):5–9. doi:10.6024/jmbai.2012. 54.2.01701-0x.

Wahyudin RA, Hakim AA, Boer M, Farajallah A, Wardiatno Y. 2016. New records of Panulirus femoristriga Von Martens, 1872 (Crustacea Achelata Palinuridae) from Celebes and Seram Islands, Indonesia. Biodiversity Journal. 7(4):901–906.

Wahyudin RA, Wardiatno Y, Boer M, Farajallah A, Hakim AA. 2017a. Short communication: A new distribution record of the mud-spiny lobster, Panulirus polyphagus (Herbst, 1793) (Crustacea, Achelata, Palinuridae) in Mayalibit Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas. 18(2):780–783. doi:10.13057/biodiv/d180248.

Wahyudin RA, Hakim AA, Qonita Y, Boer M, Farajallah A, Mashar A, Wardiatno Y. 2017b. Lobster diversity of Palabuhanratu Bay, South Java, Indonesia with new distribution record of Panulirus ornatus, P. polyphagus and Parribacus antarticus. AACL Bioflux. 10(2):308–327.

Yusnaini, Nessa MN, Djawad MI, Trijuno DD. 2009. Ciri morfologi jenis kelamin dan kedewasaan lobster mutiara (Panulirus ornatus). Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan. 19(3):166–174.

Zairion, Islamiati N, Wardiatno Y, Mashar A, Wahyudin RA, Hakim AA. 2017. Dinamika populasi lobster pasir (Panulirus homarus Linnaeur, 1758) di perairan Palabuhanratu, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. 23(3):215–226.

Published
2020-02-20
How to Cite
Kintani, N. I., Setyobudiandi, I., & Wardiatno, Y. (2020). Biologi reproduksi lobster pasir (Panulirus Homarus Linnaeus, 1758) di Teluk Palabuhanratu. Habitus Aquatica, 1(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.29244/HAJ.1.1.1