JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Peningkatan Produksi dan Kualitas Daging Sapi Lokal Melalui Penggemukan Berbasis Serealia pada Taraf Energi yang Berbeda

  • Rudy Priyanto
  • Asnath Maria Fuah
  • Edit Lesa Aditia
  • Muhammad Baihaqi
  • Muhammad Ismail
Keywords: energy ration, local beef cattle, meat quality, production performance

Abstract

Local beef cattle is still the major source of domestic beef consumption, yet their productivity and quality is relatively low. This study was aimed to investigate productivity and meat quality traits of local beef cattle through fattening using cereals based concentrate containing different energy level. Nine Ongole cattle with average initial liveweight of 254.67 ± 20.7 kg and age between I1-I2 permanent incisor teeth were used in the study. They were fattened for four months and alloted into three different energy rations; they were low (ER) 57.88% TDN, medium (ES) 63.72% TDN, and high (ET) 69.67% TDN. The three rations had simmilar protein contents, between 12.42-12.96%. Observed parameters included cattle performance (ration and nutrition dry mater intake, daily gain, and feed conversion), carcass traits (carcass weight and percentage, fat thickness, and loin eye area at the 12th rib), and meat quality traits (pH, water holding capacity, tenderness, cooking loss, marbling score, and meat color). The results showed that cattle fed with high energy (ET) ration had the highest body weight and marbling score, and more efficient in feed conversion than medium (ES) and low energy (ER) rations. Local beef cattle productivity and there meat quality could be improve through fattening using high energy cereals based concentrate.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Rudy Priyanto
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Asnath Maria Fuah
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Edit Lesa Aditia
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Muhammad Baihaqi
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Muhammad Ismail
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

References

Aditia EL, Priyanto R, Baihaqi M, Putra BW, Ismail M. 2013. Performa produksi sapi Bali dan Peranakan Ongole yang digemukkan dengan pakan berbasis sorgum. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. 1(3): 155-159.

Bressan MC, Rodrigues EC, Rossato LV, Ramos EM, da Gama LT. 2011. Physicochemical properties of meat from Bos taurus and Bos indicus. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia. 40(6): 1250-1259.

[BSN] Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 2008. [SNI] Standarisasi Nasional Indonesia Nomor 3932 : 2008 tentang Mutu Karkas dan Daging Sapi. Jakarta (ID): Badan Standarisasi Nasional.

Buckle KA, Edwards RA, Fleet GH, Wooton M. 1987. Ilmu Pangan. Terjemahan: Purnomo H, Adiono. Jakarta (ID): UI Pr.

Corriher VA, Hill GM, Bernard JK, Mullinix Jr BG. 2010. Performance of finishing steers on corn silage or forage sorghum silage with corn oil supplementation. The Professional Animal Scientist. 26(4): 387-392.

Daszkiewicz T, Wajda S, Kubiak D, Krasowska J. 2009. Quality of meat from young bulls in relation to its ultimate pH value. Animal Science Papers and Reports. 27(4): 293-302.

Dunne PG, O’Mara FP, Monahan FJ, Moloney AP. 2004. Colour of subcutaneous adipose tissue and muscle of Irish beef carcasses destined for the Italian market. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research. 43(2): 217-226.

[Fapet IPB] Fakultas Peternakan-Institut Pertanian Bogor. 2012. Laporan Kegiatan Fakultas Peternakan IPB dan Ditjennakwan Kementan-Republik Indonesia: Survei Karkas 2012. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Halomoan F, Priyanto R, Nuraini H. 2001. Karakteristik ternak dan karkas sapi untuk kebutuhan pasar tradisional dan pasar khusus. Media Peternakan. 24(2): 12-17.

Harmini RW, Asmarantaka, Atmakusuma J. 2011. Model dinamis sistem ketersediaan daging sapi nasional. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan. 12(1): 128-146.

Ismail M, Nuraeni H, Priyanto R. 2014. Perlemakan pada sapi Bali dan sapi Madura meningkatkan bobot komponen karkas dan menurunkan persentase komponen non karkas. Jurnal Veteriner. 15(3): 417-424.

Jabbari H, Tabatabaei SN, Kordnejad E, Modarresi M, Tabeidian SA. 2011. Effect of dietary corn silage replacement with sorghum silage on performance and feed cost of growing steers. Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research. 1(1): 14-21.

Kaps M, Lamberson W. 2004. Biostatics for Animal Science. Oxfordshire (GB): CABI.

Khasrad, Ningrat RWS. 2010. Improving carcass quality of indigenous cattle of West Sumatera fed local feed resources. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 9(8): 822-826.

Komariah, Rahayu S, Sarjito. 2009. Sifat fisik daging sapi, kerbau dan domba pada lama postmortem yang berbeda. Buletin Peternakan. 33(3): 183-189.

Lestari CMS, Adiwinarti R, Arifin M, Purnomoadi A. 2011. The performance of java and ongole crossbred bull under intensive feeding management. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture. 36(2): 109-113.

McGee M, Keane MG, Neilan R, Moloney AP, Caffrey PJ. 2008. Non carcass parts and carcass composition of high dairy genetic merit Holstein, standart dairy genetic merit Friesian and Charolais x Holstein-Friesian steers. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research. 47(1): 41-51.

Moreira FB, de Souza NE, Matsushita M, do Prado IN, do Nascimento WG. 2003. Evaluation of Carcass Characteristics and Meat Chemical Composition of Bos indicus and Bos indicus x Bos taurus Crossbred Steers Finished in Pasture Systems. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 46(4): 609-616.

Ngadiyono N, Murdjito G, Agus A, Supriyana U. 2008. Kinerja produksi sapi Peranakan Ongole jantan dengan pemberian dua jenis konsentrat yang berbeda. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture. 33(4): 282-289.

Nuernberg K, Dannenberger D, Nuernberg G, Ender K, Voigt J, Scollan ND, Wood JD, Nute GR, Richardson RI. 2005. Effect of a grass-based and a concentrate feeding system on meat quality characteristics and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in different cattle breeds. Livestock Production Science. 94(1-2): 137-147. http://doi.org/cg6m67

Nusi M, Utomo R, Soeparno. 2011. Pengaruh penggunaan tongkol jagung dalam complete feed dan suplementasi undegraded protein terhadap pertambahan bobot badan dan kualitas daging pada sapi peranakan ongole. Buletin Peternakan. 35(3): 173-181.

Okumura T, Saito K, Sakuma H, Nade T, Nakayama S, Fujita K, Kawamura T. 2007. Intramuscular fat deposition in principal muscles from twenty-four to thirty months of age using identical twins of Japanese Black steers. Journal of Animal Science. 85(8): 1902-1907. http://doi.org/fbrjp4

Page JK, Wulf DM, Schwotzer TR. 2001. A survey of beef muscle color and pH. Journal of Animal Science. 79(3): 678-687.

Priyanto R, Johnson ER, Taylor DG. 1999. The The economic importance of genotype in steers fed pasture or lucerne hay and prepared for the Australian and Japanese beef markets. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research. 42(4): 393-404. http://doi.org/b3hfhm

Soeparno. 2005. Ilmu dan Teknologi Daging. Cetakan Keempat. Yogyakarta (ID): Gadjah Mada University Press.

Suryani AJ, Adiwinarti R, Purbowati E. 2012. Potongan komersial karkas dan edible portion pada sapi Peranakan Ongole (PO) yang diberi pakan jerami urinasi dan konsentrat dengan level yang berbeda. Animal Agricultural Journal. 1(1): 123-132.

Węglarz, A. 2010. Meat quality defined based on pH and colour depending on cattle category and slaughter season. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 55(12): 548-556.

Wheeler TL, Cundiff LV, Koch RM. 1994. Effect of marbling degree on beef palatability in Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle. Journal of Animal Science. 72(12): 3145-3151.

Published
2015-08-26
How to Cite
Priyanto, R., Fuah, A. M., Aditia, E. L., Baihaqi, M., & Ismail, M. (2015). Peningkatan Produksi dan Kualitas Daging Sapi Lokal Melalui Penggemukan Berbasis Serealia pada Taraf Energi yang Berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 20(2), 108-114. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.20.2.108

Most read articles by the same author(s)