JIPI
Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer

Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Genetik Lokal dalam Perakitan Varietas Unggul Cabai (Capsicum annuum) Tahan Terhadap Penyakit Antraknosa yang Disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum sp

  • Muhamad Syukur
  • Rahmi Yunianti
  • . Rustam
  • . Widodo
Keywords: anthracnose, chili pepper, isolate local, resistant

Abstract

The use of resistant varieties based on local resources is one way to solve the problem of anthracnose disease. This study aims to identify the species of anthracnose isolates (Colletotricum accutatum, C. gloeosporioides, and C. capsici) from the various centers of chili production through the characterization of conidia, get the genotypes that are resistant to anthracnose disease, and get information about resistance to anthracnose disease of chili pepper lines. Research activities include morphological characterization of Colletotrichum isolates, screening of resistance the chili pepper lines to anthracnose disease, and screening of resistance the pepper genotypes of exploration results to anthracnose disease. The results showed that the isolates found in the field consist of 3 species, namely C. capsici, C. acutatum, and C. gloesporioides. Forty two isolates of 67 isolates were C. capsici, the rest were C. acutatum or C. gloesporioides. The chili pepper lines were tested, including the criteria for moderate to highly susceptible to anthracnose diseases caused by C. acutatum. IPB C15 Genotype was consistently more resistant to anthracnose caused by C. acutatum as compared to 27 other genotypes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Muhamad Syukur
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Rahmi Yunianti
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
. Rustam
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP) Riau, Jln. Kaharuddin Nasution No. 341, Km. 10 Marpoyan Pekanbaru
. Widodo
Departemen Proteksi Tanaman, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

References

AVRDC. 2003. Development of high yielding, disease resistance chili peppers. P 41-46. in AVRDC Report 2003. Taiwan (TW): AVRDC.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2009. Luas panen, produksi dan produktivitas cabai tahun 2009. http://www.bps.go.id. html [16 Maret 2011].

Kim KD, Oh BJ, Yang J. 1999. Differential interaction of a Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolate with green and red pepper fruits. Pytoparasitica. 27(2): 1-10.

Kusandriani Y, Permadi H. 1996. Pemuliaan tanaman cabai. p. 28-35. Dalam: Duriat AS, Widjaja A, Hadisoeganda W, Soetiarso TA, Prabaningrum L (Eds.). Teknologi Produksi Cabai Merah. Lembang (ID): Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran.

Park SK. 2005. Differential interaction between pepper genotypes and Colletorichum isolates causing anthracnose. [Tesis]. Seoul (KR): Seoul National University. 48 hlm.

Purwati E, Jaya B, Duriat AS. 2000. Penampilan beberapa varietas cabai dan uji resistensi terhadap penyakit virus kerupuk. J Hort. 10(2): 88-94.

Sastrosumarjo S. 2003. Pembentukan varietas cabai tahan penyakit antraknosa dengan pendekatan metode convensional dan bioteknologi. Laporan Riset RUT VIII. Jakarta (ID): Kementrian Riset dan Teknologi RI. 45 hlm.

Semangun H. 2000. Penyakit-Penyakit Tanaman Hortikultura di Indonesia. Ed. ke-4. Yogyakarta (ID): Gadjah Mada University Press. 850 hlm.

Suryaningsih ER, Sutarya, Duriat AS. 1996. p 64-83. Penyakit tanaman cabai merah dan pengendaliannya. Dalam: Duriat AS, Widjaya A, Thomas WH, Prabaningrum L (Eds.). Teknologi Produksi Cabai Merah. Lembang (ID): Balai Penelitian Sayuran.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Koswara J, Widodo. 2007. Pewarisan ketahanan cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) terhadap antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum. Bul Agron. 35(2): 112-117.

Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Koswara J, Widodo. 2009. Ketahanan terhadap antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum pada beberapa genotipe cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) dan korelasinya dengan kandungan kapsaicin dan peroksidase. J Agron Indones. 37(3): 233-239.

Yoon JB. 2003. Identification of genetic resources, interspecific hybridization, and inheritance analysis for breeding pepper (Capsicum annuum) resistant to anthracnose. [Tesis]. Seoul (KR): Seoul National University. 137p.

Published
2014-08-24
How to Cite
Syukur, M., Yunianti, R., Rustam, ., & Widodo, . (2014). Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Genetik Lokal dalam Perakitan Varietas Unggul Cabai (Capsicum annuum) Tahan Terhadap Penyakit Antraknosa yang Disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum sp. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 18(2), 67-72. Retrieved from http://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/8371

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>