PENGHILANGAN BAU AMONIAK DARI TEMPAT PENUMPUKAN LEUM PADA INDUSTRI KARET REMAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK BIOFILTER
Malodorous gases emitted from natural rubber industries. At crumb rubber plant, leum storage emits high concentration of ammonia that strength odor and dangerous to healthy workers. This research occurred to remove ammonia from leum storage using biofilter coloum 23L packed with mixed of top-soil, peat-rubber leaves and sludge. The result shows that this biofilters can remove ammonia from inlet concentration at 4 - 20 ppm to outlet concentration less than 4,7 ppm (average of 1,1ppm below regulation limit of 2 ppm). The biofilter packed with top soil performs to ammonia removal efficiency average of 89% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and rubber leaves performs to ammonia removal efficiency average of 85% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,60 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge performs to ammonia removal efficiency of 99% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge indicated the most stable on ammonia removal capacity and the lowest oulet ammonia at an average of 0.1 ppm.
AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis of The Association of Official Analytical Chemist. Washington.
Cho. K.S., Lee, E.Y., and H. W. Ryu. 2002. Hydrogen Sulfide Effects on Ammonia Removal by a Biofilter Seeded With Earthworm. Casts. J. Environ. Qual. 31:1782-1788.
Devinny, J.S., M.A. Deshusses, and T.S. Webster. 1999. Biofiltration for Air Polution Control. Lewis; New York.
Hirai, M., M. Kamamoto, M. Yani and M. Shoda. 2001. Comparison of the Biological NH3 Removal Characteristics among Four Inorganic Packing Materials J. Biosci. Bioeng. 91:428-430.
Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia Nomor 50/MENLH/11/1996 tentang Baku Mutu Tingkat Kebauan. Jakarta.
Kim, J.H., E.R. Rene, dan H.S. Park. 2007. Performance of an immobilized cell biofilter for ammonia removal from contaminated air stream. Chemosphere 68 (2007) 274-280.
SNI 06-2479-1991. Metode Pengujian Kadar Amonium dalam Air dengan Alat Spektrofotometer secara Nessler. Departemen Pekerjaan Umum. Jakarta.
Wu, W., J.C. Chabot, J.J. Caron, and M. Heitz. 1998. Biological Elimination of Volatile Organic Componds From Waste Gases in a Biofilter. Kluwer Academic 101:69-78.
Nurcahyani, P. R. 2006. Kajian aplikasi bakteri Nitrosomonas sp. pada biofilter untuk penghilangan emisi gas amoniak dengan bahan pengisi organik dan anorganik. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian. IPB. Bogor.
Yani, M, M. Hirai, and M.Shoda, 1998. Ammonia Removal Characteristic by Biofilter Using Activated Carbon Fiber as Carrier. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 19, 709-715.
Yasuda, T., K. Kuroda, Y. Fukumoto, D. Hanajima, dan K. Suzuki. 2009. Evaluation of full-scale biofilter with rockwool mixture treating ammonia gas from livestock manure composting. Bioresource Technology 100: 1568-1572.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).