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PENGHILANGAN BAU AMONIAK DARI TEMPAT PENUMPUKAN LEUM PADA INDUSTRI KARET REMAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK BIOFILTER

  • Mohamad Yani
  • . Purwoko
  • Andes Ismayana
  • Puji Rahmawati Nurcahyani
  • Derin Pahlevi
Keywords: Ammonia removal, biofilter, top soil, rubber leaf, sludge

Abstract

Malodorous gases emitted from natural rubber industries. At crumb rubber plant, leum storage emits high concentration of  ammonia that strength odor and dangerous to healthy workers. This research occurred to remove ammonia from leum storage using biofilter coloum 23L packed with mixed of top-soil, peat-rubber leaves and sludge. The result shows that this biofilters can remove ammonia  from inlet concentration at 4 - 20 ppm to  outlet concentration less than 4,7 ppm (average of 1,1ppm below regulation limit of 2 ppm). The biofilter packed with top soil performs  to ammonia removal efficiency average of 89% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and rubber leaves performs  to ammonia removal efficiency average of 85% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,60 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge performs  to ammonia removal efficiency of 99% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge indicated the most stable on ammonia removal capacity and the lowest oulet ammonia at an average of 0.1 ppm.

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Author Biographies

Mohamad Yani
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16002
. Purwoko
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16002
Andes Ismayana
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16002
Puji Rahmawati Nurcahyani
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16002
Derin Pahlevi
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16002

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Published
2012-05-05
How to Cite
Yani, M., Purwoko, ., Ismayana, A., Nurcahyani, P. R., & Pahlevi, D. (2012). PENGHILANGAN BAU AMONIAK DARI TEMPAT PENUMPUKAN LEUM PADA INDUSTRI KARET REMAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK BIOFILTER. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 17(1), 58-64. Retrieved from http://jma.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/8039