Penyebaran Virus Utama Tebu di Lampung dan Sulawesi Selatan
One effort to increase domestic sugar production is through the extension of sugarcane growing area outside Java island. The status of sugarcane disease outside Java, particularly those caused by virus(es), has not been evaluated yet; where virus diseases are able to decrease sugarcane productivity. Therefore, the aim of this research was to identify the sugarcane major viruses and their distributions in Lampung and South Sulawesi. Field survey and leaf sampling was collected from Lampung Tengah District, in Lampung Province and three districts in South Sulawesi Province i.e., Bone, Gowa, and Takalar. Virus detection was performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method using specific primers for Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV), and Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (SCYLV). Results indicated that symptoms variation was observed in the field. The highest disease incidence and severity was found in Lampung, i.e. 100% and 61.67-71.67%, respectively; whereas the lowest disease incidence and severity was found in Takalar, i.e. 5-70% and 5-45%, respectively. The disease incidence and severity of viral diseases tend to be low in dry and low rain fall conditions. This information might be helpful for the extensification program of sugarcane development in supporting the sugar self-sufficiency program.
Keywords: disease incidence, disease severity, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, sugar self-sufficiency
Addy HS, Nurmalasari, Wahyudi AHS, Sholeh A, Anugrah C, Iriyanto FES, Darmanto W, Sugiharto B. 2017. Detection and response of sugarcane against the infection of Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) in Indonesia. Agronomy. 7: 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy7030050
Chatenet M, Mazarin C, Girard JC. 2005. Detection of Sugarcane streak mosaic virus in sugarcane from several Asian countries. Sugarcane International. 23: 12-15.
Costa AS, Muller GW. 1982. General evaluation of the impacts of viral diseases of economic crops on the development of latin American countries, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Dalam: Xavier MA, Silva MF, Goncalves MC, Pinto
LR, Perecin D, dan Landell MGA. 2013. Family selection for detection of promising ctrosses of sugarcane varieties for resistence to SCMV in Ribeirao Preto and Jau. Proc. Int. Soc. Sugar Cane Technol. 28: 1-9.
Damayanti TA, Putra LK, Giyanto. 2010. Hot water treatment of cutting-cane infected with Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV). Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian. 16(2): 17-25.
Damayanti TA, Putra LK. 2011. First occurence of Sugarcane streak mosaic virus infecting sugarcane in Indonesia. Journal of General Plant Pathology. 77: 72-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10327-010-0285-7
Damayanti TA, Putra LK, Giyanto. 2011. Kajian penggunaan kombinasi tiga jenis bakteri biokontrol untuk menekan infeksi Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) pada tebu. Majalah Penelitian Gula. 47(1): 40-53.
Doyle JJ, Doyle JL. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemical Bulletin. 19: 11-15.
Ellis RD, Merry RE. 2004. Sugarcane agriculture. Di dalam: James G, editor. Sugarcane. 2nd ed. Oxford (EN): Blackwell Science Ltd.
Geering ADW, Thomas JE, Persley DM. 2004. National Diagnostic Protocol: Maize dwarf mosaic virus. Canberra (AU): Plant Health Australia.
Hall JS, Adams B, Parson TJ, French R, Lane LC, Jensen SG. 1998. Molecular cloning, sequencing, and phylogenetic relationships of a new Potyvirus: Sugarcane streak mosaic virus and a reevaluation of the classification of the Potyviridae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 10: 323-332. https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1998.0535
Hema M, Joseph J, Gopinath K, Sreenivasulu P, Savithri HS. 1999. Molecular characterization and interviral relationships of a flexuous filamentous virus causing mosaic disease of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) in India. Archives of Virology. 144: 479-490. https://doi.org/10.1007/s007050050519
He Z, Li W, Yasaka R, Huang Y, Zhang Z, Ohshima K, Li S. 2013. Molecular variability of Sugarcane streak mosaic virus in China based on an analysis of the P1 and CP protein coding regions. Archives of Virology. 159(5): 1149-1154. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1854-9
James G. 2004. An introduction to sugarcane. Dalam: James G, editor. Sugarcane. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470995358
Kasemsin P, Chiemsombat P, Hongprayoon R. 2016. Characterization and genetic variation of Sugarcane streak mosaic virus, a Poacevirus infecting sugarcane in Thailand. Modern Applied Science. 10(4): 137-149. https://doi.org/10.5539/mas.v10n4p137
Koike H, Gillaspie Jr AG. 1989. Mosaic. Di dalam: Ricaud C, Egan BT, Gillaspie AG, Hughes CG, editor. Diseases of Sugarcane: Major Diseases. New York (US): Elsevier Science Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-42797-7.50023-5
Komor E, ElSayed A, Lehrer AT. 2010. Sugarcane yellow leaf virus introduction and spread in Hawaiian sugarcane industry: Retrospective epidemiological study of an unnoticed, mostly asymptomatic plant disease. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 127: 207-217.
Kristini A, Irawan, Sasongko D. 2006. Mosaic booming. Gula Indonesia. 30: 36-38.
Mangelsdorf AJ. 1939. Sugar-cane varieties in Hawaii. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists. Di dalam: James G. 2004. An introduction to sugarcane. Di dalam: James G, editor. Sugarcane. 2nd ed. Oxford (EN): Blackwell Science Ltd.
Muis A. 2002. Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) penyebab penyakit mosaik pada jagung di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 21: 2.
OECD-FAO. 2016. Sugar. Di dalam: OECD-FAO. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025. Paris (FR): OECD Publishing.
Paswan S, Md Minnatullah, Kumar M, Sattar A. 2018. Impact of weather factors on development of red rot diasese of sugarcane agro-ecosystem. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 7(2): 812. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.002
Putra LK, Astono TH, Syamsidi SRC, Djauhari S. 2015. Investigation on transmission modes and host range of Sugarcane streak mosaic virus in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) in Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research. 3(4): 59-66.
Scagliusi SM, Basu SK, de Gouvea JA, Vega J. 2009. Comparison of two diagnostic methods for evaluation of Sugarcane yellow leaf virus concentration in Brazilian sugarcane cultivars. Functional Plant Science and Biotechnology. 3(1): 26-30.
Schenck S. 1990. Yellow leaf syndrome-a new sugarcane disease. Annual Report: Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association.
Schenck S, Lehrer AT, Wu KK. 2001. Yellow leaf syndrome. Pathology Report 68. Hawaii agriculture Research Center.
Smith GR, Ford F, Frenkel MJ, Shukla DD, Dale. 1992. Transient expression of the coat protein of sugarcane mosaic virus in sugarcane protoplasts and expression in Escherichia coli. Archives of. Virology. 125: 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01309625
Wakman W, Kontong MS, Muis A, Persley DM, Teakle DS. 2001. Mosaic disease of maize caused by Sugarcane mosaic Potyvirus in Sulawesi. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2(2): 5659. https://doi.org/10.21082/ijas.v2n2. 2001.p56-59
Xie X, Chen W, Fu Q, Zhang P, An T, Cui A, An D. 2016. Molecular variability and distribution of Sugarcane mosaic virus in Shanxi, China. Plos One. 11(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone. 0151549
Yasmin T, Iqbal S, Farooq A, Zubair M, Rias A. 2011. Prevalence, distribution, and incidence infecting viruses in NWFP and Punjab. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology. 23(1): 24-30.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).