Distribusi Horizontal Klorofil-a Fitoplankton Sebagai Indikator Tingkat Kesuburan Perairan di Teluk Meulaboh Aceh Barat
AbstractThe research on horizontal distribution clorophyll-a fitoplankton as indicator the tropic state in waters of Meulaboh Bay conducted on Mei-July 2014 in Meulaboh Bay. Sampling was done using the method of purposive sampling at 10 sites, which consist of river, mouth river, bay waters, and middle of bay to outer of bay. The purpose of this research is to analyse horizontal distribution of clorophyll-a fitoplankton as the tropic state indicator in the waters and to analyse relationship between clorphyll-a fitoplankton with nutrients availability N and P. The result showed that the horizontal distribution pattern of clorophyll-a fitoplankton dominated by the waters near to teresterial land, likes river, mouth river, and edge of bay, afterward its gradually slightly decrease in the middle of bay and lower in outer of bay. High or low of clorophyll-a was due to the influence of nutirent load N and P in the waters of Meulaboh Bay. The tropic states based on abundance clorophyll-a fitoplankton was categorised in the mesotrofic condition.
Boyer JN, Kelbe CR, Ortner PB, Rudnick DT. 2009. Phytoplankton Bloom Status: Clorophyll-a Biomass as an Indicator of Water Quality Condition in the Southern Estuaries of Florida, USA. Ecological Indicators. 9(6): S56-S67. http://doi.org/d5qv3k
Boynton WR, Murray L, Hagy JD, Stokes C, Kemp WM. 1996. A Comparative Analysis of Eutrophycation Pattern in Temperate Coastal Lagoons. Estuaries. 19(2): 408-421. http://doi.org/dgv884
Bricker SB, CG Clement, DE Prihalla, Orlando SP, Farrow DRG. 1999. Effect of nutrient enricment in the nation’s estuaries. Nasional Estuaries Euthrophication Assessment. NOAA (US): Department of Commerce. 84 pp.
Cloern JE. 2001. Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem. Marine ecology Progress Series. 210: 223-253. http://doi.org/d8pq93
Damar A. 2003. Effects of Enrichment on Nutrient Dynamics, Phytoplankton Dynamics and Productivity in Indonesian Tropical Water: A Comparison Between Jakarta Bay, Lampung Bay and Semangka Bay. [Disertation]. Kiel (DE): Cristian Albert University.
Faizal A, Jompa J, Nessa N, Rani C. 2011. Dinamika spasio-temporal tingkat kesuburan perairan di Kepulauan Spermonde, Sulawesi Selatan. Makasar (ID): Universitas Hasanudin.
Gupta M. 2014. A New Tropic State Index For Lagoons. Journal of Ecosystem. 8 Pages.
Hakanson L, Bryann AC. 2008. Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea Present Situation, Nutrien Transport Processes, Remedial Strategies. Heidelberg (DE): Springer-Verlag GmbH. http://doi.org/brwrm9
Hoyer MV, Frazer TK, Notestein SK, Canfield JrDE. 2002. Clarity relationships in Florida’s Nearshore Coastal Water with Comparisons to Freswater Lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 59: 1024-1031. http://doi.org/fbdjmf
Jamshidi S, Bakar NBA. 2011. A Study on Distribution of Clorophyll-a in Coastal Waters of Anzali Port, South Caspian Sea. Ocean Science Discussions. 8: 435-451. http://doi.org/dsbx8b
Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor: 115 Tahun 2003 Tentang Pedoman Penentuan Status Mutu Air.
Lorenzen CJ. 1967. Determination of chlorophyll and phaeopigments: spectrofotometric equation. Limnology and Oceanography. 12(2): 343-346. http://doi.org/d6ts6t
Nielsen SL, Sand-Jensen K, Borum J, Geertz-Hansen O. 2002. Phytoplankton, nutrient and transparency in Danish Coastal water. Estuaries. 25: 930-937. http://doi.org/d93t94
Mann KH, Lazier JRN. 1991. Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems. Oxford (GB): Blackwell Scientific Publication.
Rasyid A. 2009. Distribusi klorofil-a pada musim peralihan barat-timur di Perairan Spermonde Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Sains & Teknologi. 9(2): 125-132.
Raymont GE. 1983. Plankton dan Produktivitas Bahari. Diterjemahkan oleh: Koesoebiono. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor (ID).
Trevor W, Edward B, Burke H. 1998. Enviromental indicators for national state of the environment reporting Estuaries and the Sea, Australia: State of the Environment (Environmental Indicator Reports). Canberra (AU): Departement of the Environment.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).